Document format

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A document format is a file format for electronic text documents and other electronic documents. Due to the large number of document formats, exchanging documents can sometimes be difficult. On the other hand, every document format has certain properties that make it ideal for certain purposes.

Internationally standardized document formats

The international standardization organization ISO has certified several document formats with different characteristics. The most widely used document format for editable documents is Office Open XML, ISO / IEC 29500. But there are also ISO standards for the Portable Document Format (PDF). There are even several, a general standard and a limited standard specializing in archiving. With the OpenDocument Format (ODF) there is another, alternative document format. Standardized document formats are generally of a variety of office suites , including current versions of OpenOffice , KOffice , and Microsoft Office , supports .

The ODF standard is called IEC DIS 26300 (XML)

Known document formats

SGML / XML-based document formats

The following document formats are based on XML or SGML .

One advantage of XML is the simple possibility of structured research and further processing through information extraction.

  • DocBook (SGML / XML)
  • TEI - Text Encoding Initiative (SGML / XML)
  • ODF - u. a. from ; standardized as ISO / IEC DIS 26300 (XML)
  • ISO 12083 (SGML / XML)
  • DiML - Dissertation Markup Language (SGML / XML)
  • NITF - News Industry Text Format (XML)
  • DITA - Darwin Information Typing Architecture (XML)

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Service Pack 2 for Office 2007 released. Heise Zeitschriften Verlag, April 28, 2009, accessed on August 31, 2009 .