In Germany, village area is a planning law term from the Building Usage Ordinance (BauNVO) and is regulated there in Section 5 as an independent type of building area . Among the various construction areas of the BauNVO, the village area is the only one in which the establishment of agricultural and forestry operations including the associated animal husbandry is permitted. In addition, residential use, non-disruptive commercial operations and craft businesses are permitted, which serve to supply the residents of the area. Due to a statutory priority clause, the interests of agricultural and forestry operations, including their development opportunities, must be taken into account. Residential use is only permitted insofar as the coexistence of agriculture and living does not lead to a disruption of residential use, for example due to noise or smells.
Due to the structural change in agriculture and the resulting abandonment of more than a million farms in the old federal states since 1960 and a concentration on agricultural complexes in the new federal states, the planning stipulations in the development plans often no longer correspond to the actual conditions. Especially in the catchment areas of larger cities, residential use predominates in the villages. As a result of the conflicts of use that occurred, the Federal Administrative Court saw itself prompted in a fundamental decision to clarify that a village area definition only becomes ineffective if in the relevant area only residential houses and no business units of agricultural or forestry operations are (no longer) available and also with their establishment for unforeseeable ones Time can clearly no longer be calculated because there is no longer any space on which such an economic center could be sensibly implemented.
- ↑ aid infodienst : pdf ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ BVerwG, decision of May 29, 2001 - 4 B 33/01