Mixed area

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In German building planning law, a mixed area is a building area which, according to Section 6 of the Building Utilization Ordinance (BauNVO), is used for living and accommodating commercial operations that do not significantly disrupt living.

In a mixed area, the two types of use “living” and “housing commercial operations” are equally important. The restriction must be observed that the commercial enterprises are not allowed to significantly disrupt living. The character of a mixed area lies in the associated mixed use.

Accordingly, in a mixed area, one of the two main types of use with equal rights cannot optically dominate, but sub-areas may be characterized by one of the two main uses. The mutual consideration associated with the mixed use applies throughout the entire scope and thus also in the sub-areas in which commercial uses predominate.

Permitted Uses

The following are generally permitted in the mixed area:

  • Residential buildings
  • Business and office buildings
  • Retail establishments, pubs and restaurants as well as establishments in the accommodation trade
  • other commercial enterprises
  • Systems for administration as well as for church, cultural, social, health and sporting purposes
  • Horticultural companies
  • Gas stations
  • Amusement sites in the parts of the area that are predominantly characterized by commercial uses

As an exception, entertainment venues outside the above-mentioned parts of the area may be permitted.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Brandenburg Chamber of Engineers: Lecture by Jörg Finkeldei, Ministry of Infrastructure and Agriculture, "Admissibility of projects in mixed areas with a view to maintaining the general purpose"
  2. a b isu planning office: isu aktuell, isu planning office, "Mixed areas in urban development planning - planned conflict or means of conflict minimization?"
  3. § 6 BauNVO - single standard. Federal Office of Justice, accessed on February 29, 2020 .