The term dramatization stands for the processing of a literary text for the theater or the feature film . For this purpose, the text in question is adapted as a dialogue version to the regularities of the dramatic genre , i.e. H. scenically implemented. Furthermore, the term is often used colloquially to refer to an emphatically emotional communication strategy.
Theater and film
The term, which originally comes from literary studies, stands for the processing of an epic material for theater or film, in which the literary specification must be adapted to the representation possibilities of the theater or the film. In most cases, it turns out to be necessary to summarize and essentialize the plot and to concentrate on a central line of action or conflict that governs the text at the end. In addition, dramatic roles have to be found in order to specify the narrative sequence of events and the causality that connects them. In doing so, the personal processing of what has happened, what has been added and one's own actions usually take a back seat. Stylistic devices such as the use of a narrator's voice ( voiceover ) serve more to keep the narrator in the game than to preserve the remains of the original narrative.
Furthermore, the term dramatization describes an everyday communication strategy that is characterized by overemphasis and emotionalization. By embedding marginal issues or incidents in larger and fundamental lines of conflict, as well as personalizing and naming opponents and moralizing and the like. A reproach against a person in this regard is often a reproach in that one complains about "the unproductivity of the process" or asks for moderation and is often connected with criticism of the communication partner, "be it that he first produced the disproportionality of the presentation, or that one accuses him of dramatizing in order to assert himself. "
- Manfred Brauneck , Gérard Schneilin (ed.): Theater Lexikon 1. 5. revised new edition, Rowohlt's Encyclopedia, Rowohlt Taschenbuchverlag, Berlin 2007.
- RJ Dieffenbacher: Dramatization of epic material. , Dissertation, Heidelberg 1935.
- SM Patsch: From the book to the stage. Innsbruck 1980.
- U. Sydow: Dramatization of epic models. Dissertation, Berlin 1973.