By German field post
The postal facility by Deutsche Feldpost was a special mailing service as a form of dispatch during the Second World War , which was operated alongside the Deutsche Feldpost . Since the field post was responsible for the service and mail supply of the troops, it made sense to also entrust them with the postal supply of the administration, of companies and individuals in the areas occupied by Germany, which was done by "Deutsche Feldpost".
In the areas occupied by Germany, German agencies, corporations, organizations, companies and private individuals, for which the German field post was not responsible, were without a direct connection to the German post office. For some areas such as Belgium and occupied France, mail had already been made possible by field post at domestic rates.
On April 24, 1942, the shipping option "By German Field Post" was generally reorganized. In all areas in which only the German field post existed as German post, a chargeable postal service was set up. Postcards, letters up to 250 g and parcels up to 1000 g were permitted. Registered mail was possible for shipments to and from these offices, but not for the Reich Germans who were employed by these offices. For these, an existing block for field post was also valid. Mailings to offices etc. had to look like this: Mailings “By German Field Post” had to be outlined in red, the addition “Via Luftgaupostamt” had to be underlined in red. Shipments to German followers were to be provided with the first and last name, occupation or status as well as the address of the departments etc. Admission to this postal service was subject to approval. The applications were to be submitted to the field post office that brokered the exchange of mail for forwarding to the army field postmaster. Shipments from the Reich to the agencies involved did not require approval. The approval of a position included the Reich Germans employed there. The previous rulings were revoked.
The civilian merchant ships in the northern region now also take part in the chargeable postal service “By German Field Post”. The guiding note was “Via Luftgaupostamt Berlin”, the address was only the name of the ship or the name of the recipient with the name of the ship.
The mail traffic "By German field post" was expanded significantly in Official Gazette 47 of May 18, 1943. Initially only traffic between the Reich and the field post areas was established, but now traffic between the individual field post areas on the one hand and the Generalgouvernement , the Protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia and the German post areas (e.g. the Netherlands, Ostland , Ukraine , Oslo) was established ) on the other hand, extended. In addition, the post offices etc. and their members could send letters to and from non-hostile countries. The fees remained unchanged with one exception. Letters from 100 to 250 g were no longer subject to the parcel fee, but to the postage fee (24 Rpf). The note "Free by Redemption of the Reich" was valid except for the Generalgouvernement and the posts in Ostland and Ukraine as a franking. The note "Free by redemption of the Reich" also applied to the Deutsche Dienstpost Netherlands .
The regulations for the addresses of the consignments remained in place. It was therefore also necessary to include the note “By German Field Post” on the items sent from the field post area to the service post area. In addition, the items had to be marked with a diagonal blue cross over the address according to the service post area. The approval of the postage in and from non-hostile foreign countries for the offices, companies etc. naturally required the foreign fee, the remark “By German field post” could not be used.
The "defensive" test was carried out for the area of:
- Luftgauamts Königsberg, at the foreign letter inspection center Königsberg 5
- Luftgauamts Posen and Luftgauamts Breslau, at the foreign letter inspection office Berlin-Charlottenburg 2. Zoo.
- Luftgauamts Wien, at the Auslandsbriefprüfstelle Wien
- Luftgauamts Paris, at the international mail inspection office Paris
- Luftgauamts Brussels, at the international letter inspection office in Cologne
- Luftgauamts Hamburg, at the international letter inspection office Hamburg
- Luftgauamts Berlin, at the international letter inspection office in Berlin
The cancellation of registered parcels at the post office of destination with the day stamp was temporarily omitted until further notice.
From October 15, 1943, only letters up to 500 g were accepted under registered mail, parcels, station letters and newspapers were completely exempt from registration. The same regulation also applied to the field post and the chargeable postal service "By German field post".
Restrictions at the end of the war
In Official Gazette 52 of May 26, 1944, all orders pertaining to the chargeable postal service "Via German Field Post" were repealed and revised. This was mainly for a better overview, only a few changes were made. For offices, companies etc. were permitted: ordinary and registered postcards, ordinary and registered letters and printed matter up to 250 g, newspapers with a maximum weight of 1000 g, ordinary and registered parcels up to 1000 g. All registered mail was to be restricted to the utmost. These shipments were also carried when private field post traffic was restricted. Postcards, letters up to 100 g, newspapers up to 1000 g and parcels up to 1000 g, in the direction of the home field post area up to 2000 g were permitted for the post of the following members. Here the restrictions in the private field post applied.
Field post parcels from 100 to 1,000 g had to be marked with an approval mark, those from 1,000 to 2,000 g had to be marked with two marks. On August 11, 1944, even registered parcels were no longer accepted by the companies etc.