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As a mailpiece is in the everyday language , a document or an object , with the aid of a postal service to a receiver transported is (abandoned), respectively. The mail run begins with the handover .

Shipment types

At the German Federal Post Office and the German Post Office of the GDR , mail was a collective name for all mail items that were approved for mail transport. Section 4 number 5 PostG defines mail as letters and addressed parcels. If they are carried by licensed companies, books, catalogs, newspapers and magazines are also included.


In Section 4 Number 2 PostG, letters are defined as addressed written communications, with the exception of catalogs, printed publications and partially addressed items.

Small goods shipments

Money transfers

At Deutsche Post AG, there are numerous of the types of mail mentioned, although the product range has been expanded to include various offers since the 1990s.


The fee or Porto (plural: postage or postage ; originally from lat. : Porto "I Wear", taken from the Italian ) is the price of the service. In public post operators, the term postal rates used. These fees are paid by buying and sticking postage stamps , by printing them with special stamp machines or by electronic “postage stamps”. This process was known as franking or franking .

The largest German provider of postal services, Deutsche Post AG, is also the provider of a nationwide universal postal service in accordance with the Universal Postal Service Ordinance. The prices for letters have been kept constant since January 1, 2016, but were increased on July 1, 2019 with the approval of the Federal Network Agency. Since the prices were lower in European comparison, the tariffs were increased. This should make the mail transport more profitable for the postal company.

Fee amount of the Deutsche Post AG
Art Length
up to [grams]
Price since July 1, 2019
postcard 140-235 90-125 0.60
Standard letter 140-235 90-125 05 0020th 0.80
Compact letter 100-235 70-125 10 0050 0.95
Large letter 100-353 70-250 20th 0500 1.55
Maxi letter 100-353 70-250 50 1000 2.70
Maxibrief Plus 100-353 70-250 50 2000 4.90
Postage in Austria
letter Max. Format Weight Mailbox PRIO ECO ECO BUSINESS
(formerly ECO)
(formerly ECO)
Letter S. L 235 × W 162 × H 5 mm up to 20 g Postage stamps 0.80 0.70 0.65 0.78
Letter M. L 235 × W 162 × H 5 mm up to 75 g Postage stamps 1.35 1.25 1.10 1.32
Package S L 353 × W 250 × H 30 mm up to 2 kg Postage stamps 2.70 2.50 2.25 2.70
Dispatch of A Mail in Switzerland and the Principality of Liechtenstein
Type format thickness Weight Price in CHF
Standard letter 140 × 90 mm to format B5 (250 × 176 mm) up to 20 mm 001-100 g 1.00
Midi letter 140 × 90 mm to format B5 (250 × 176 mm) up to 20 mm 101-250 g 1.30
Large letter up to format B4 (353 × 250 mm) up to 20 mm 001-500 g 2.00
Large letter up to format B4 (353 × 250 mm) up to 20 mm 501-1000 g 4.00
Postage in Italy - postage stamp (francobollo)
Transmission range Shipping method Dimensions Weight price
within Italy Posta 4 Piccolo up to 20 grams 1.10 euros
within Italy Posta 4 Piccolo up to 50 grams 2.60 euros
within Italy Posta 1
Posta Prioritaria
Piccolo up to 50 grams 2.60 euros
within Italy Posta 1
Posta Prioritaria
Media up to 100 g 2.80 euros.
Standard letter up to 50 grams 3.50 euros
Standard letter up to 50 grams 1.15 euros

Additional services

There are fee reductions for book shipments, goods shipments, goods mail and dialogue post as well as press mail (postal sales item , wrapper newspaper, press broadcast). In addition, major customers are granted discounts on the prices shown. For other postal providers, partial services are offered that are also cheaper. Here, the other providers have to pre-sort items or only smuggle them into the destination mail center.

In terms of formats and prices, private German postal providers usually orient themselves towards the tariffs of Deutsche Post, although they usually undercut them slightly. The sizes of the formats are based on the rules of the international postal union.

Additional postage

Postage Due , also demand or excess postage (Deutsche Post as Nachentgelt called): If a transmission from the sender was not sufficient postage, calls for the Post the difference plus a penalty surcharge from the receiver one. If postage stamps were used for this, one speaks generally of penalty postage stamps, postage stamps or simply postage stamps.

Forms of shipment

There are different ways of handling mail ( called a form of dispatch in Germany ). These can differ in terms of security and speed.

The postal companies charge an increased fee for the transport, which varies depending on the particular form of dispatch. The form of shipment requires a certain type of shipment .


Correct addressing of a mail item is a prerequisite for short mail delivery times. A machine-readable address enables a high degree of automation in the mail flow. This includes machine-readable writing, a fixed form of recipient information and compliance with different zones on the address side.

A pre-order is a note in the address field of a mail item above the recipient address, which specifies the handling of the item if it is undeliverable.

Weiterfranko referred to that portion of the paid postage that was due to a foreign post office before the Universal Postal Union (1875).

Review, assurance

In Germany, the police, the judiciary, intelligence services, the protection of the constitution and much more. Check and secure mail under certain conditions (the following list is limited to the police and the judiciary):

Web links

Wiktionary: Mailing  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Services and prices. Deutsche Post AG, January 1, 2019, accessed April 30, 2019 .
  2. : Deutsche Post: What does a letter cost?
  3. Tariffs for letters in Austria
  4. Decisive for the tariff (PRIO / ECO / ECO BUSINESS) are format, weight, machinability and transport time. For shipments that are not machine-compatible, the next higher fee level applies (except for the M package)
  5. If you use a franking machine, you can only deliver your ECO mail to a post office and with a minimum quantity of 50 items.
  6. a b Duration 4–5 days, requirements: same as the former ECO letter, d. H. Cash franking, minimum quantity 1,000 pieces, delivery only in the DC, subject to VAT, outside the universal service.
  7. a b c Ideal for smaller mail volumes // Easy to store // High-quality impression // Available in every post office and in the Post Online Shop at
  8. A Mail is the fast shipping method for physical documents that should have a certain degree of commitment in dialog with customers, suppliers and partners. A Post emphasizes the importance of the content and signals appreciation
  9. Price overview for A Mail
  10. ^ Post in Italy
  11. a b The delivery time is around 4 working days
  12. a b c length 235 mm; Width up to 120 mm, height up to 5 mm
  13. Delivery time 1 to 4 days
  14. Length 140 to 353 mm, width 90 to 250 mm, height up to 25 mm
  15. Delivery takes about three working days
  16. The delivery time is several days
  17. Guide to automation-compatible mail. Deutsche Post AG, July 2016, accessed on May 8, 2019 .