Printed matter

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Envelope, franked as printed matter, 1979

Printed matter (also: consignments under cruciate ligament ) should enable the mailing of printed messages, especially to dealers, for a reduced fee. The regulations about what is printed matter or, for example, what handwritten additions are allowed, changed frequently. The term “under cruciate tape” comes from the packaging used with two strips of paper or thin cardboard that cross at right angles; correspondingly “under wrapper” ( French “sous bande” ) for packaging using a single, wider strip of paper.


In the Kingdom of Westphalia , a special fee was introduced for the first time for printed, open items delivered under a cruciate ligament. From 1 ounce (41 g) to 4 ounces, double postage was payable.

The Duchy of Braunschweig charged double the postage fee for printed matter and product samples up to 8 lots. Shipments over 8 lots should be transported with the Fahrpost. There was also a filing fee . According to the law of 1833, printed matter was to be understood as all price courante , printed circulars or letters of recommendation, newspapers, pamphlets, printed announcements, individual printed sheets and printed lottery lists sent under the cruciate ligament. Samples and printed matter abroad could only be accepted at the reduced rate if there was no transit fee to be paid. In 1849 the tariff for printed matter was separated from that for product samples.

It was not until the beginning of 1822 that Prussia introduced a sheet fee for catalogs and circulars of booksellers and merchants and for unbound books for open mail. Everyone has been able to send printed matter since 1825.

Since January 1, 1861, the term “Kreuzband” (cross-tape consignments) no longer depends on the content, but rather on the type of production. On May 30, 1865, open printed cards were allowed for a fee. The North German Confederation officially called the cruciate ribbon consignments printed matter.

Since 1871, book slips could be posted for a fee for printing. In 1875, the post office allowed printed matter to be sent in open envelopes. In 1886, papers with Braille were permitted, in 1888 printed double cards with printed information on the reverse side. In 1890, printed matter in roll form was permitted. In 1898 postcards could be used if you crossed out the word postcard. In the case of printed matter cards with a reply, the reply card could also be stuck with a postage stamp. In 1907 it was allowed to send up to five words or letters for Christmas greetings etc. as good wishes for the printed matter fee. In 1910 three-part printed matter cards were added. Postcards with five words of courtesy have been recognized as printed matter since 1921. From July 1, 1922, the fee for printed matter cards was dropped, but the fee for printed matter up to 20 g. The maximum weight for undivided printed volumes was set at 2 kg on December 15, 1922. From June 1, 1924, a distinction was made between full printed matter (no subsequent change) and partial printed matter (subsequent changes to numbers and a maximum of five words). This regulation was repealed on August 1, 1927, and the maximum weight was set at 1 kg again.

Since April 1, 1993, the printed matter has ceased to exist. The successor product of Deutsche Post was Infopost, called Dialogpost since 2016 , which was previously called Mass Print (abolished on September 1, 1993). At the same time also has letter printed matter abolished a form of printed matter, were allowed in by complicated rules individual words and letters, characters and numbers. Today, printed matter is mainly referred to as printed matter. One type of dispatch with nationwide delivery is the direct mail .

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Wiktionary: Printed matter  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations