Of all the regions of present-day Lithuania, it was the least exposed to expansion and attacks by the Teutonic Order in the Middle Ages .
In Dzūkija, the Lithuanian dialect Dzūkisch (South Aukštaite) is spoken. In addition, one of the largest Polish-speaking minorities outside Poland still lives in the region, making up to 75 percent of the population in parts of Dzūkija.
The Vilnius district borders on Belarus to the east and has a high percentage of the population of indigenous Poles . The sparsely populated district of Alytus borders on the Republic of Poland , but today has a very small Polish population. Resident Belarusians also live in both districts .
The Dainava Forest is part of the region.
- Algimantas Aleksandravičius. Dzūkija - išskaityta iš Dzievulio drabnų raštų. Verlag UAB Leidykla Vaga , 2015 ISBN 9785415024063