Vilnius district

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Vilnius district
Vilniaus apskritis
Alytus Marijampolė Kaunas Vilnius Utena Panevėžys Šiauliai Tauragė Klaipėda Telšiai Polen Russland Lettland WeißrusslandMap of Lithuania - Vilnius District highlighted
About this picture
the coat of arms of Vilnius district
Basic data
ISO 3166-2 LT-VL
surface 9760 km²
Capital Vilnius
Biggest cities
- population density
- year-on-year comparison
848,227 (rank 1 / LT)
86.9 inhabitants / km²
848,555 (−0.04%)
Current population figures from 1.1.2006
governor Gintaras Gibas
structure 8 self-governments (savivaldybė)
Web presence

The Vilnius district (German district Wilna ) was one of the ten administrative districts of Lithuania . The largest and most populous district in terms of area was in the southeast of the country and also included the capital Vilnius . On July 1, 2010, the districts (Apskritys) in Lithuania were deleted as administrative units without replacement. The functions of the former apskritys were partly transferred to the ministries of the Republic of Lithuania and partly to the self-governments (Savivaldibės).


The district comprised eight self-governing communities. (Resident on January 1, 2006)


The state of Poland-Lithuania existed between 1569 and 1795 , until it was finally divided between the Kingdom of Prussia , the House of Austria and the Russian Empire . Until then, the area belonged to this state. After the division it belonged to the Russian Empire. During the First World War , the area was conquered by the German army in 1915. After the beginning of the Polish-Soviet War in 1919 , the area was conquered by the Red Army. The Polish army was able to push back the Soviets.

In 1920 the Red Army pushed the Polish armed forces back and re-conquered the area. After the Russian defeat in the Battle of Warsaw in August 1920, the Soviets recognized Lithuanian sovereignty over the area. The Polish President and General Józef Piłsudski did not recognize Lithuanian sovereignty and ordered General Lucjan Żeligowski , who was subordinate to him, to conquer the city of Vilnius without declaring war on Lithuania. The Polish army under General Żeligowski conquered the city and the surrounding region without resistance and Poland founded the short-lived and internationally unrecognized republic of Central Lithuania . In 1922 a plebiscite was held in central Lithuania , in which the majority of citizens voted for annexation to Poland. In September 1939 the Soviet Union conquered the area and handed it over to Lithuania. A year later, the Soviet Union incorporated Lithuania into the Soviet Union, making the area back to the sovereign territory of the Soviet Union. In 1941 the German Reich conquered the area as part of the attack on the Soviet Union . After the war, the area fell back to the Soviet Union. Since the self-dissolution of the USSR, the area has belonged to independent Lithuania.

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