E-Justice (part of E-Administration / E-Government ) is the European generic term for electronically processed judicial processes . This also includes electronic legal communication (ERV) between courts and administrative authorities on the one hand and party representatives ( lawyers , notaries, etc.), citizens and companies on the other.
The introduction of the ERV is a joint task of the legislature, the judiciary and the legal profession. In addition to communication, electronic register and file information as well as electronic file management are also covered by the term electronic legal transactions. In some cases, general e-administration / e-government solutions also take on similar tasks.
In Germany, the draft law to promote electronic legal transactions was adopted by the Federal Government on June 13, 2013 in the version amended by the Legal Committee.
In 2015, a legally binding use of the so-called Datová schránka (electronic mailbox) for legal entities was introduced in the Czech Republic . Classic communication (in paper form) is still accepted, but is subject to financial sanctions. This concerns u. a. all communication with the tax office (including tax returns). Such a mailbox was also automatically set up for all natural persons. So far, however, its use is voluntary.
- Wilfried Bernhardt: E-Justice overcomes the borders within Europe , JurPC Web-Doc. 75/2007, paras. 1–43, on jurpc.de
Switzerland (temporarily here until own article is available):
- (17/13948) on drafts of the laws to promote electronic legal relations with the courts and to promote electronic legal relations in the judiciary , PDF (643 kB) on dip21.bundestag.de
- Document for the sanctioning in the Czech Republic (p. 5), on roedl.de