Earl of Hertford

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Earl of Hertford was a hereditary British title of nobility , awarded three times in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of Great Britain , and which is named after the city of Hertford .


The title was first awarded to Gilbert de Clare around 1138 in the Peerage of England . His great-nephew, the 4th Earl, inherited the title of 4th Earl of Gloucester from his aunt Isabel, 3rd Countess of Gloucester , in 1217 . Both titles eventually expired when the 8th Earl died childless on June 24, 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn .

In the second award, the title was newly created on October 18, 1537 in the Peerage of England for Edward Seymour, 1st Viscount Beauchamp , the brother of the Queen Consort Jane Seymour . He had already been given the title Viscount Beauchamp on June 5, 1536 . On February 6, 1547 he was also raised to the Duke of Somerset . In 1552 he was executed for high treason and his titles were revoked.

In the third award, the title was recreated on January 13, 1559 in the Peerage of England for Edward Seymour , son of the Earl's second award, along with the subordinate title Baron Beauchamp of Hache . His grandson, the 2nd Earl , was made Marquess of Hertford on June 3, 1640 and on September 13, 1660, as part of the Stuart Restoration, the title of 2nd Duke of Somerset , which had been revoked from his great-grandfather in 1552, was restored. The Marquessat expired on the death of his youngest son, the 4th Duke on April 29, 1675. The Earldom and the barony expired on the death of his second nephew, the 7th Duke, on February 7, 1750. The Dukedom fell to his uncle sixth degree still exists today.

In the fourth award, the title was bestowed on August 3, 1750 in the Peerage of Great Britain to Francis Seymour-Conway , along with the subordinate title Viscount Beauchamp . Both titles were awarded with the special addition that, in the absence of their own male descendants, they could also be inherited by his brother Henry Seymour-Conway and his male descendants. He had already in 1732 from his father Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Baron Conway (1679-1732) the titles of Baron Conway , of Ragley in the County of Warwick and Baron Conway and Killultagh , of Killultagh in the County of Antrim , which this on March 17, 1703 in the Peerage of England and October 16, 1712 in the Peerage of Ireland . On July 5, 1793 he was also raised in the Peerage of Great Britain to Marquess of Hertford and Earl of Yarmouth . The titles mentioned have since been listed as subordinate titles to the respective Marquess of Hertford. Today's title holder has been his great-great-great-great-great-grandson Henry Seymour as the 9th Marquess of Hertford since 1997 . The eldest son of the respective marquess carries as his title heir ( apparent heir ) the courtesy title Earl of Yarmouth , whose marriage apparently leads the courtesy title Viscount Beauchamp .

List of the Earls of Hertford

Earl's first award family crest

Earls of Hertford, first bestowed (around 1138)

Earl's second and third award family crests

Earls of Hertford, second bestowal (1537)

Earl of Hertford, third bestowal (1559)

Earl's fourth award family crest

Earl of Hertford, fourth award (1750)

Title heir ( Heir apparent ) is the son of the current title holder William Seymour, Earl of Yarmouth (* 1993).

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