The authenticity of the degree of match between a fact and its representation. The more precisely it reflects the fact, the more real it is. In the case of objects, authenticity refers to the correspondence between the original and the copy. This also determines the usefulness as historical or legal evidence . In philosophy , this concept corresponds to the truth .
Authenticity in literature
Authenticity in literature (Greek: authenticity ) means the real origin of a writing, ie the property according to which a writing is from the author whose name it bears, or, if the author is not named, at the time, among the people , is written in the language and under the circumstances as it is traditionally supposed to be written.
Opposite is that which is imputed if a script has been invented for some purpose. The credibility (axiopisty) often depends on the authenticity, but not always, because an authentic writing can also distort the truth, while on the other hand an published under a false name can report the truth. to determine authenticity, the content and form of the script and external criteria (third-party certificates) come into consideration.
The authenticity of a thing is often determined and certified by experts . Often a certificate with a signature or by pressing or attaching a seal is attached in which the authenticity is confirmed. Often this also happens with the help of respected, credible people (authenticae personae) as witnesses.
Law and History
In law, and consequently in historical studies, one of the issues is whether a document or a document (or, in general, a source) is “genuine”. Real means that the specified exhibitor is also the actual exhibitor. For example, a certificate from Emperor Barbarossa is genuine if it was actually issued by Barbarossa at the specified time. The certificate is false if Barbarossa in reality issued it sooner or later, or if someone else issued it, perhaps a forger centuries later. The document is called falsified if changes have been made to the text afterwards.
A real source can, however, be incorrect in terms of content if the facts described in the source do not correspond to reality. Then the source is “false” as the opposite of “true”, not as the opposite of “real”.
- The authenticity of a feeling means a true, sincere, real feeling .
- In mathematics, the authenticity of a fraction means that its numerator is smaller than the denominator (real fraction).
- With the authenticity of textiles and their colors, one means the durability, including the lightfastness . In this context, one speaks of real colorations.
- The Nara document on authenticity / authenticity (accessed September 25, 2015)
- Frankfurter Abendblatt: Credit institutions have to check every coin for authenticity (accessed on September 25, 2015)
- Authenticity of documents (accessed on September 25, 2015)
- Tips for checking the authenticity of certificates (accessed September 25, 2015)