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The term Egart (also Egerte ) or Egarten describes a piece of land in the Alps and in the Alpine foothills that was used alternately as grassland and arable land. The word Egart goes back to mhd. Egerde , egerte and ahd. Egerda , the further origin is unclear. The so-called Egartenwirtschaft or Egartwirtschaft was practiced until the 1950s and forms the counterpart to the so-called field grass economy . In contrast to the latter is not the field- but the use of grassland in the foreground. Alternation economy is the umbrella term for both cases in which the soil should not be too shallow and the slopes should not be too steep. The Egert was and is not only used in the foothills of the Alps: In the Swabian concise dictionary, edit. Hermann Fischer and Hermann Taigel (Tübingen Mohr 1986) describe Egert as undeveloped land, "especially that which used to be an arable field and is now overgrown with grass or shrubbery as wasteland, mowed or grazed, and is probably plowed again after longer breaks ". The "Etymologie des Schwäbischen" by Hermann Wax (2nd edition 2005) not only refers to Fischer, but etymologically connects the Egert with the French "guéret" (fallow land) <

When Egartwirtschaft is between Nature Gart ( Selbstberasung or -begrünung) after only one year of mostly arable use with summer rye and Kunstegart (An sowing a meadow mixture ) after a rotation of potatoes , summer barley and rye distinguished summer. After interim use of the fields, the Naturegart is followed by three to eight years of use, and the Artificial Garden by at least eight years of meadow use.

Many field names still refer to this old economy today (also everywhere in the Swabian-speaking area), such as Egert, Eggerten, Egerde, Egerdin.


  • K. Liebscher: Egart economy in the Alpine countries. In: Ber. Grassland day. Federal Institute for Alpine Agriculture, Admont 1954, pp. 53–63.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Helmut Gebhard: Farmhouses in Bavaria . Hugendubel, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-89631-369-X , p. 380 .
  2. ^ Friedrich Kluge: Etymological dictionary of the German language. 22nd edition. de Gruyter, 1989, ISBN 3-11-006800-1 .