El amor brujo

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El amor brujo (German: The Magic of Love ) is the title of a one-act ballet with singing by the Spanish composer Manuel de Falla from 1915. The libretto is by María Lejárraga , the final version of which was premiered on March 28, 1916 at the Teatro Lara , Madrid, choreographed by Pastora Imperio . Due to its great popularity, there are several versions and arrangements of the piece. The director Carlos Saura made a film adaptation of the work in 1985. The rights for the ballet and the dance suite are today with the music publisher Chester Music , London and for France with Max Eschig , Paris.

Plot and people

De Falla began work on the piece in 1914 with the original title Gitanería ( Gypsy Music ) for a dance group and 14 musicians based musically on the cante jondo (simple Andalusian folk song). He dedicated the piece to the dancer and singer Pastora Imperio . The Madrid performance on April 15, 1915 was unsuccessful. After a revision, he shortened the piece, removed the spoken dialogue and composed three short chants for mezzo-soprano , and with the new title El amor brujo it became very successful. The scenery takes place in Andalusia in the milieu of Spanish gitanos , their rites and their music. A young woman, Candela , is always disturbed and harassed by the jealous spirit of her dead lover (in another version it is her husband), who was unfaithful during her lifetime but cannot find rest in the grave, whenever she is with her new one Friend, Carmelo , is together. All incantations, ritual fire dances and chants are of no use, only when a new woman, Candela's friend Lucia , who has no objection to having fun with him, offers herself to the spirit , Candela and Carmelo can love each other.

  • Candelas: a young woman
  • Lucia: her friend
  • Carmelo: Candela's new lover
  • Ghost or ghost of Candela's dead lover (husband)
  • a witch and other characters

Dances and chants

De Falla envisages an orchestra for the work consisting of two flutes, an oboe, two clarinets, a bassoon, two horns, two trumpets, timpani, a string section and piano. The ballet consists of one act in six scenes:

  • Introducción, Escena, En la cueva, Canción del amor dolido ( introduction, scene, in the cave, song about broken love )
  • El aparecido, Danza del terror ( The spirit, dance of terror )
  • El círculo mágico, Romance del pescador ( The Magic Circle, Tale of the Fisherman )
  • A media noche, Los sortilegios, Danza ritual del fuego ( midnight magic, ritual fire dance )
  • Escena, Canción del fuego fatuo (scene with the song of the will- o'-the-wisp )
  • Pantomima, Danza del juego del amor, Canción de la bruja fingida, Final, El toque de campanas (Campanas del amanecer) ( pantomime, dance of love play, song of the wrong witch, finale with the ringing of the morning bells )

De Falla also compiled and published a suite of the work's music in 1920, of which the ritual fire dance is one of his most famous pieces and is still often played in concerts today. The suite has the following sentences:

  • Introducción y escena: Allegro furioso, man non troppo vivo , 3/4 time, key of E minor
  • Chez les gitanes, la noche: Tranquillo e misterioso , 3/4 time, A flat major
  • Canción del amor dolido (for mezzo-soprano ): Allegro , 3/4 time, C minor
  • El Aparecido: Vivo, man non troppo , 2/4 time
  • Danza del terror: Allegro ritmico , then furioso ritmico , 2/4 time
  • El circolo mágico, Romance del pescador: Andante molto tranquillo , 3/4 time
  • A media noche, Los sortilegios: Lento e lontano , 4/4 time
  • Danza ritual del fuego: Allegro man non troppo e pesante , 2/4 time, A minor
  • Escena: Poco moderato , 3/4 time
  • Canción del fuego fatuo (for mezzo-soprano): Vivo , 3/8 time, B minor
  • Pantomima: Allegro , 3/4 time, then Andantino tranquillo , 6/8, E minor
  • Danza de juego de amor (for mezzo-soprano): Allegretto mosso , then Poco più mosso , 3/8 time
  • Final (for mezzo-soprano): Allegretti tranquillo , then largamente , 4/4 time, A major


In 1967 a film version of the material by Francisco Rovira Beleta was released , which was nominated for the Oscar / Best Foreign Language Film .

Carlos Saura directed El amor brujo (English title: love magic ) in 1985 as a music and dance film . It is the last part of his dance trilogy after the blood wedding in 1981, after Federico García Lorca's piece with the same title and Carmen 1983 after Georges Bizet 's opera of the same name with the same actors. The film El amor brujo won the Goya Prize in 1987 in three categories .


  • Manuel de Falla: El amor brujo (=  l'amour sorcier ). Chester, London 1924, OCLC 165631244 .
  • Manuel de Falla, Carlo Maria Giulini, Victoria de los Angeles, New Philharmonia Orchestra: El amor brujo . Columbia, 1967, OCLC 221777165 .
  • Carlos Saura, Enrique Franco, Emilio Sanz de Soto: El amor brujo . Círculo de Lectores, Barcelona 1986, ISBN 84-226-2134-7 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Manuel de Falla (1876–1946) - El amor brujo (magic of love) on klassika.info
  2. Manuel de Falla - Four movements from El amor brujo. onkammermusikfuehrer.de
  3. José Luis Navarro García: Historia del Baile Flamenco . Volume II.Signatura Ediciones de Andalucía, Sevilla 2010, ISBN 978-84-96210-71-4 , pp. 23; 30 .
  4. Manuel de Falla: El amor brujo: gitanería en un acto y dos cuadros, escrita expresamente para Pastora Imperio . Facsimile of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University Library. R. Velasco, Madrid 1915 ( archive.org [accessed February 28, 2019]).
  5. ^ Wilhelm Buschkötter, Hansjürgen Schaefer: Manual of international concert literature: Instrumental and vocal music (=  Manual of international concert literature ). 2., revised. and exp. Edition. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 1996, ISBN 3-11-013905-7 , pp. 283 f .
  6. Excerpt from the film with the well-known ritual fire dance