Elah is a valley in Israel that connects the Shefela with the Judean Mountains. Historically, it belonged to the Kingdom of Judah in Israel, between Aseka and Sokho . It is also called the Valley of the Terebinths ( Hebrew עֵמֶק האֵלָה ʿEmeq ha'Elah , Arabic وادي السنط, DMG Wādī es-Sunṭ ). According to 1 Sam 17.2.19 EU , the Israelites camped there when David fought against Goliath . On the western side of the valley near Sokho there is a 17 meter high terebinth with a large crown of 22 meters. This representative of a "biblical" tree species marks the upper end of the valley and is known as an impressive marking point.
During archaeological excavations in the valley of Elah, near the fortress Elah, a clay ostracon with the oldest known Hebrew inscription in ink was uncovered. The age of the pottery shard goes back to the Davidic period around 1000 BC. Dated.
- Julie Baretz: The Valley of Elah ; in: Gems in Israel, August / September 2002; (English)
- Porcupines, Emperors, and the New Middle East ; Article in Eretz. The Magazine of Israel , 2010 (English)
- Archaeological sensation: oldest Hebrew inscription discovered ; Announcement from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem on haGalil dated October 30, 2008
- Ulrich W. Sahm: Where David meets Goliath ... ; Article on haGalil of November 2, 2008
- Archaeological sensation: Oldest Hebrew inscription discovered ; Announcement from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem on haGalil dated October 30, 2008; last accessed on May 4, 2012