Earthquake in Northern Italy in 2012

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The damaged Church of Saint Paul in Mirabello, Ferrara .

The earthquake in northern Italy in 2012 were a series of shocks , the most momentous, the quake of magnitude 6.1 on May 20, 2012, measuring 5.8 on May 29, 2012 were. The depth of the earthquake was 10 km.

The epicenter of the first earthquake was between Finale Emilia , San Felice sul Panaro and Sermide . The epicenter of the second quake was near Medolla .


Seven people died in the first quake. The second quake claimed 17 lives. Around 50 people were injured in the earthquake on May 20, and around 350 people in the aftershock on May 29. The same sources give the number of people left homeless as a result of the quake as 5,000 or after the second quake as around 15,000.

Many buildings were damaged. The second quake collapsed buildings that had already been affected by the first.

The damage to cultural property is great. The Palazzo Ducale in Mantua got cracks.

Since in Emilia-Romagna, in addition to food manufacturers, many medium-sized companies in the metalworking and fine industry have settled, the economic damage is also significant. Total property damage of several billion euros is now assumed.

In 2014, the study of an international group of geoscientists became known, which considered the oil production in the Cavone oil field as a possible trigger for both quakes.

Individual evidence

  1. Entry about the aftershock on the website of the German Research Center for Geosciences
  2. Entry about the earthquake on the website of the German Research Center for Geosciences
  5. a b
  8. ( Memento from June 9, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  9. Edwin Cartlidge: Human Activity May Have Triggered Fatal Italian Earthquakes, Panel Says. In: Science . Volume 44, No. 6180, 2014, p. 141, doi: 10.1126 / science.344.6180.141