Ewe (ethnicity)

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The Ewe (also: Ebwe , Eibe , Eve , Efe , Eue , Vhe , Gbe , Krepi , Krepe or Popo ) are a West African ethnic group that lives today mainly along the coast in eastern Ghana and in Togo . Their language is also called Ewe and is counted among the Gbe languages and spoken by 3 million people.

According to tradition, Ewe came from northern Benin on the border with Nigeria from the 17th century . The largest subgroup are the Anlo. The basis of life are fishing and agriculture. Mainly corn, cassava and oil palms are planted.


Ewe are predominantly Christians, but also believe in their traditional religions or practice mixed forms. The world creator goddess Mawu represents a particularly prominent deity within the traditional religions. The traditional religion is collectively referred to as Voodoo . This includes different cults. Tchamba is an obsession cult of the Ewe, in which the time of slavery is dealt with.

Known Ewe

See also


  • Christian Hornberger : The Ewe area on the slave coast of West Africa. In: Mittheilungen from Justus Perthes' Geographischer Anstalt about important new researches in the whole field of geography. 13, 1867, p. 48ff. (better known as Petermann's Geographical Communications )
  • Jakob Spieth : The Ewe tribes: material for the knowledge of the Ewe people in German Togo, D. Reimer (Ernst Vohsen), 1906
    • Jakob Spieth: The Ewe People, A Study of the Ewe People in German Togo, African Books Collective, 2011 (English translation) [1]
  • Jakob Spieth: The religion of the Eweer in South Togo. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1911
  • Ansa Asamoa: The social conditions of the Ewe population in Southeast Ghana. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1971
  • Birgit Meyer: Translating the Devil: Religion and Modernity Among the Ewe in Ghana. Edinburgh University Press, 1999 ISBN 0-7486-1303-X
  • Benjamin Nicholas Lawrance, Francis Agbodeka: A Handbook of Eweland: The Ewe of Togo and Benin

Volume 3 of A Handbook of Eweland, Woeli Publishing Services, 2005, ISBN 978-9988-626-54-9

  • Rainer Alsheimer: Between Slavery and Christian Ethnogenesis. The pre-colonial missionary work of the Ewe in West Africa (1847 - around 1890.) Waxmann, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8309-1764-9

Web links

Commons : Ewe (ethnicity)  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Jacob Oluwatayo Adeuyan: Contributions of Yoruba People in the Economic & Political Developments of Nigeria, 2011, p 6
  2. ^ Peter Austin: One Thousand Languages: Living, Endangered, and Lost, University of California Press, 2008, p. 76
  3. Nukunya, GK Kinship and Marriage Among the Anlo Ewe. London School of Economics Monographs on Social Anthropology No. 37. New York: Humanities Press Inc., 1969.
  4. Karine Delaunay: Fanti and Ewe fishermen's migration and settlement in Côte d'Ivoire . In: Center for maritime research (ed.): MAST . tape 5/2 , 1992, ISSN  0922-1476 , pp. 96–103 ( On the traditional fishing of the West African Fanti and Ewe (digitized version , English; PDF; 326 kB)).
  5. Article about the Ewe on Knowledge Digital
  6. Archive link ( Memento of the original from March 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.jaduland.de
  7. Fon and Ewe Religion - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion (English)
  8. Mawu-Lisa - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion (English)