Flavius ​​Sosipater Charisius

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charisius (short Charisius ) was a Roman grammarian of the 4th century. His Ars grammatica , a Latin grammar in five books, was probably published under Emperor Julian , i.e. between 361 and 363.

With his work, Charisius was addressing an audience whose mother tongue was not Latin, and in this respect he served a need that existed primarily in the Greek-speaking east of the empire. His son was also a native Greek speaker.

Its grammar has a decidedly compilatory character: large parts consist of excerpts from older textbooks. The main sources include the grammarians Cominianus and Quintus Remmius Palaemon (although it is not said that Charisius used Palaemon's work directly). In addition, numerous other grammatical works such as Iulius Romanus are cited, so that with his help it is possible to a certain extent to reconstruct older stages in the development of Latin grammar. Therefore, Charisius (like his contemporary Diomedes ) was extremely valued in the early modern period .

Text editions and translations

Dirk M. Schenkeveld (Ed.): A Rhetorical Grammar. C. Iulius Romanus - Introduction to the Liber de Adverbio as Incorporated in Charisius' Ars grammatica II.13. Leiden / Boston 2004 (with translation and commentary)


Web links