Framlingham is a reserve and was an Aboriginal mission station of Gunditjmara that the Aboriginal Protection Board in Victoria , Australia was built in. 1861 The reserve is located near Warrnambool on the southwestern coast of Victoria. The Gunditjmara were housed in this mission station. It was closed in 1971 after the 1970 Aboriginal Lands Act was passed by Parliament in Victoria.
Framlingham was established as a reservation by the Aboriginal Protection Board in 1861. The reserve did not develop accordingly and commissioned by the Anglican Church in 1865 to set up a mission. In 1866, Framlingham was again placed under the supervision of the board and in 1867 the mission station was closed and the residents were partly brought to Lake Condah. In 1869 the mission station was reopened by the Anglican Church until 1898. In response to protests, the Board gave 500 acres of land for Aboriginal use. Due to public interest in the 1930s, eleven houses and a school were built. Furthermore, the Aborigines living there received weekly food.
When Framlingham was founded, the area was originally 14.2 km²; today's area has a size of 18 km².
In 1957 the Aboriginal Protection Board was dissolved, and in 1970 the Aboriginal Lands Act 1970 was passed by Parliament in Victoria. This legal regulation was the prerequisite for the Aborigines to return this area to traditional ownership as the first land in Victoria. The Aborigines took over the land on July 1, 1971 along Lake Tyers in eastern Gippsland .
When John Cain ruled the Labor Party in Victoria in 1987 , it intended to transfer parts of the Framlingham State Forest to the Aborigines as an unchangeable legal title. However, this was blocked by the legislature, the Liberal Party opposition in the Victorian Legislative Council. However, the federal labor government under Hawke intervened by enacting an Aboriginal Land Act 1987, which made it possible to transfer 5 km² of the Framlingham Forest to the Framlingham Trust. Although this title was non-transferable, it could be transferred to another Aboriginal land trust. The Framlingham Trust has no right to mine the area. This is unusual in comparison with other trusts or communities that hold a native title.
In 1993, the spokesman for the Peek Whurrong of the Dhauwurdwurung was awarded the Deen Maar Indigenous Protected Area by the Gunditjmara under the protection of ATSIC for the Framlingham Aboriginal Trust, with the intention that it should become a protected zone for the Aborigines. This status has been guaranteed since 1999; this is the only such recognized status in Victoria.
- Framlingham. Koorie Heritage Trust
- Aboriginal Lands Act 1970
- Aboriginal Land (Lake Condar and Framlingham Forest) Act 1987
- Agreements, Treaties and Negotiated Settlements Project: Framlingham Aboriginal Reserve
- Framlingham: Koorie Heritage Trust ( Memento of the original from September 19, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed July 19, 2009