Peace of Bucharest (1812)

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Russia's advance from the Dniester to the Prut , 1812

The Peace of Bucharest was concluded on May 28, 1812 in Bucharest between Tsar Alexander I and the Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II . He ended the 7th Russo-Turkish War between the Russian and Ottoman empires , which had been going on since 1806 .

The trigger for the 7th Russo-Turkish War was the Russian occupation of the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, which were under Ottoman influence , in 1806. Constantinople then declared war on the Russian Empire on December 24, 1806. In 1812 the Russian tsar was forced to conclude a quick peace in order to avoid war on two fronts , as Napoleon I's invasion of Russia was imminent.

With the peace agreement of 1812, the Russians were granted territories in the Caucasus and one half (east of the Prut ) of the Principality of Moldova, later Bessarabia . From 1812 the border between the Ottoman and Russian empires no longer ran along the Dniester , but around 100 km further west along the Prut. For this gain of territory, Russia renounced the Ottoman-ruled Danube principalities of Moldavia (west of the Prut) and Wallachia .

See also


  1. HEStier (dir.) Big Atlas of World History , Westermann, 1984, p.119, ISBN 3141009198