Fruela I. (Asturias)

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Statue of Fruelas I in the Monasterio de San Julián in Samos (Galicia) .

Fruela I (* 722 ; † 768 in Cangas de Onís ) was King of Asturias from 757 to 768 . He was the son and successor of Alfons I. His mother Ermesinda was a daughter of the founder of the empire Pelayo .

In the battle of Pontuvio (Pontedeume), Fruela I defeated a Moorish army. In depopulated Galicia he carried out repopulation measures. He put down a Basque revolt ; Among the prisoners was a young woman from Álava named Munia, who married Fruela. He led raiding campaigns deep into the Moorish area, in the region of Valencia and Murcia . He also founded the city of Oviedo .

The Asturian sources (Chronicle of Alfonso III., Chronicon Albeldense ) describe Fruela I as wild and violent and report that he killed his brother Vimara himself. According to the Chronicon Albeldense, he suspected Vimara of aspiring to royal dignity. Finally, Fruela was murdered by his courtiers in what was then the Asturian capital, Cangas de Onís .

Fruela left a minor son, who later became King Alfonso II. He was succeeded by his cousin Aurelio .

Source editions

  • Yves Bonnaz (Ed.): Chroniques asturiennes . Éditions du CNRS, Paris 1987, ISBN 2-222-03516-3 (Latin text of the main sources with French translation and detailed commentary)
  • Juan Gil Fernández (Ed.): Crónicas asturianas . Oviedo 1985, ISBN 84-600-4405-X (Latin text and Spanish translation)


  • Paulino García Toraño: Historia de el Reino de Asturias . Oviedo 1986, ISBN 84-398-6586-4 , pp. 93-101
  • Claudio Sánchez-Albornoz: Orígenes de la nación española , Volume 2, Instituto de Estudios Asturianos, Oviedo 1974, ISBN 84-00-04032-5 , pp. 195–206, 277–307 (detailed, basic presentation)

Web links

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predecessor Office successor
Alfons I. King of Asturias