Gül Baba Türbe
The Gül-Baba-Türbe ( Hungarian Gül Baba Türbéje , Turkish Gül Baba Türbesi ) is a Türbe (Muslim burial place) on the slopes of the Rose Hill (Rózsadomb) in the II. District of the Hungarian capital Budapest . It is the burial place of the Turkish Bektashi - dervish and poet Gül Baba (died 1541st) and is considered nördlichster pilgrimage of Islam.
Location and description
The Türbe is not far from Margaret Bridge on a hill in the Buda district of Rózsadomb at an altitude of about 130 m. It can be reached from the north via Gül Baba utca and from the south via Mecset utca via stairs and from the west at ground level. The actual Türbe is an octagonal, brick building with a dome-shaped roof on which a golden crescent moon is attached. Inside there is Gül Baba's coffin, which is covered with prayer rugs , and a shrine. The interior walls are decorated with tiles with verses from the Koran.
The Türbe is surrounded by an inner courtyard and a portico , from which there is a view to the east (of Pest ). Another viewing terrace, which is also accessible outside of opening times, is located in the northern part of the area. A cultural center with an exhibition on Gül Baba is attached to the Türbe. South of the building is the Gül Baba garden (Gül Baba kertje) with the rose garden (Rózsa-kert) .
Gül Baba (literally "Father of the Roses") died during or shortly after the capture of Buda (Oven) by the Ottomans around Sultan Suleyman I in 1541 and was then declared to be the patron saint of Buda. The Türbe was built around Gül Baba's grave between 1543 and 1548.
The Türbe survived the siege of Ofen in 1684/86 and its recapture by the Habsburgs undamaged. It was then handed over to the Jesuit Order, who converted it into a chapel (St. Joseph's Chapel) . After the dissolution of the local Jesuit order, Gül Baba's grave remained a place of pilgrimage for Ottoman Muslims. The government of the Ottoman Empire commissioned the architect János Wagner to renovate the complex in 1885. After its completion, the Gül-Baba-Türbe was declared a national monument in 1914.
Further restoration work took place between 1914 and 1916 by István Möller and in 1943 by Géza Lux. However, the work was interrupted by the Second World War. In 1962 the facility was rebuilt again by Egon Pfannl and the rose gardens were laid out. Plans from the 1980s to build a mosque and library on the Türbe site were not implemented. The renovation and redesign in 2017, which cost around 2.5 billion forints , was financed equally by the governments of Hungary and Turkey. The tomb is owned by Turkey.
- Website of the Gül Baba Heritage Foundation (English, Hungarian, Turkish)
- Gül Baba Shrine on the website of the Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism (English)
- Sarah Schäfer: A garden for the rose father. Pester Lloyd, August 4, 2011, accessed April 6, 2020.
- Neal Bedford: Budapest. Perfect days in the Hungarian metropolis on the Danube . Baedeker Verlag, 2015, ISBN 978-3-8297-3312-0 , pp. 78–79 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- Gül Baba's Tomb. History of the Türbe on the Gül Baba Heritage Foundation website, accessed April 6, 2020.
- Doris-Evelyn Zakel: Renewed resting place for the rose father. Budapester Zeitung, September 27, 2016, accessed April 6, 2020.