Gül Baba

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gül Baba statue in front of his door in Buda .
Cenotaph (Ark of Honor, Turkish taboo ) by Gül Baba
Gül Baba's Death , painting by the Hungarian painter Ferenc Eisenhut from 1886
Aerial view of the Türbe

Gül Baba (* late 15th century in Merzifon , Sanjak Amasya , Vilayet Sivas ; † September 1, 1541 ) was a Turkish Bektashi - dervish and poet of the 16th century. He is venerated as a saint within the Bektaschi and his Türbe in Budapest is considered a place of pilgrimage .


Gül Baba was the end of the 15th century under the name Cafer son of Kutb'ül Arifin Veli'üddin İbn Yalınkılıç in the city of Merzifon in Sandzak Amasya, Vilayet Sivas born.

At the invitation of the Ottoman Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent , he took part in many campaigns in Europe and came to Hungary . In 1531 he was sent to Buda and founded a dervish tekke in the city . Here he became known under the name Gül Baba (Turkish: "Father of the Roses") or Gül Dede ("Rose Dervish") because he is said to have always worn a rose on his hat. He is also credited with introducing the rose to Hungary. His descendants were the Pashas of Trabzon, called the Marzioğlu family.

Gül Baba wrote poems under the pseudonym Misali , the most famous works include Güldeste and Miftahül Gayb . His poems inspired the Hungarian composer Jenő Huszka for the operetta Gül Baba .


There are contradicting data about his death, some sources claim that he was martyred during the conquest of the city of Buda on September 1st, 1541, according to other sources he was in Matthias Church (henceforth Büyük Camii ) during the victory prayer after the city was taken. deceased. The latter theory is more likely, as the city of Buda was captured not by battle but by ruse in 1541.

After his death, Gül Baba was declared the patron saint of the city of Buda by Sultan Suleyman, which was to be under Ottoman rule for 145 years. Süleiman was also present at his burial on the Rose Hill (Hungarian: Rózsadomb ) in Buda, some sources even claim that he was one of the pallbearers.

The Gül Baba Türbe can still be found today on the Rose Hill in Buda, Mecset út 14 . It has an octagonal shape and was erected in the 1540s at the instigation of the Pasha of Buda, Mehmet Pasha. It is the northernmost sanctuary in Islam.

Web links

Commons : Gül Baba  - collection of images, videos and audio files
  • Report in the ARD series "Favorite Place"

Individual evidence

  1. ^ M Th Houtsma et al. (Ed.): EJ Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936 , Brill, 1987, ISBN 90-04-09796-1 , p. 181 [1]
  2. a b c Carmen Galenschovski: Baedeker Travel Guide Budapest, Mair Dumont, 2019, p. 159 f. [2]
  3. Muhsin Kadıoğlu: Gülbaba: Türklerin ve Müslümanların Avrupa'daki Manevi Sembolü, p. 1902 [3]
  4. FATİH USLUER: HURUFİLİK, Kabalci Yayinevi, p. 91 [4]
  5. Gül Baba Shrine , ktb.gov.tr
  6. Baba Gül tomb (sight) (Budapest) , hongaarskinderplezier.eu/
  7. Andrew Peterson: Dictionary of Islamic Architecture , Routledge, London, 2002, ISBN 0-415-06084-2 , p. 112 [5]
  8. ^ Gül Baba Türbe Budapest: the northernmost sanctuary of Islam in a new splendor , reisewege-ungarn.de