Garendon Abbey

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Garendon Cistercian Abbey
location United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom England Leicestershire
Coordinates: 52 ° 46 '28 "  N , 1 ° 15' 45"  W Coordinates: 52 ° 46 '28 "  N , 1 ° 15' 45"  W.
Serial number
according to Janauschek
Patronage St. Mary
founding year 1133
Year of dissolution /
Mother monastery Waverley Abbey
Primary Abbey Citeaux monastery

Daughter monasteries

Bordesley Abbey
Biddlesden Abbey

Garendon Abbey (Geroldonia) is a former Cistercian abbey about 3 km west of Loughborough in Leicestershire in England and 1.5 km north of the A512 road.


The monastery was founded in 1133 by Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester , called le Bossu, probably as a daughter monastery of Waverley Abbey in Charnwood Forest and thus belonged to the filiation of Cîteaux . It founded the daughter monasteries Bordesley Abbey (1138) and Biddlesden Abbey (1147). The monastery operated on a considerable scale, including a. in the granges of Rempstone and Swannington, sheep farming. The monastery buildings were built in the 12th and 14th centuries. The church was consecrated in 1219. The Holy Cross of Garendon was a pilgrimage destination in the 16th century. In 1536 the monastery, which had 14 monks and whose annual income was valued at 159 pounds, was dissolved and transferred to the Earl of Rutland . Parts of the monastery buildings were used in the construction of Garendon Hall, which George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham , sold to the Phillipps de Lisle family in 1684. The mansion was rebuilt in 1742 and 1864 by EW Pugin. In 1964 the house was demolished and its stones were used as building material for the M 1 motorway. The plan of the complex has since been partially uncovered through excavations.

Buildings and plant

Only one entrance with a bell tower remains of Garendon Hall. The chapter house is made visible by markings in the floor. Parts of the dormitory and the transept of the church were excavated, but filled up again. As far as can be seen, the monastery was a regular complex according to the Bernhardine plan, with a cross-shaped, rectangular closed church in the north and the enclosure in the south. The chapter house on the east side was closed in a semicircle, the dormitory was south of it. Garendon Hall stood in the place of the western lay brother wing.


  • Anthony New: A guide to the Abbeys of England and Wales. Constable & Company, London 1985, ISBN 0-09-463520-X , pp. 192-193.
  • Wallace Humphrey: The Cistercian Abbey of St Mary, Garendon. East Midlands Studies Unit - Loughborough University, Loughborough 1982, ISBN 0-946207-01-1 .

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