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Container is a commercial, charging and packaging unit for the goods distribution ( distribution ). Products same or different type are observed when ordering in trade or bundled handling in the logistics collectively container.

The term "container" denotes either:

  • the pack , d. H. the entirety of packaged goods and packaging ,
  • the package , d. H. the package to be transported , or
  • a one-piece packaging, as an empty container .

A product is bundled in different sized packaging units (the bundles). To do this, they are usually packed on pallets and fixed using foils, tapes or tension belts .

Concept history

The term originated in textile technology , where a counting quantity of several interconnected pieces of one kind is so named. For example, a number of threads is a bundle, a number of bundles is a reel , a number of reels is a strand and a number of strands is a piece .

The term was also used in historical beverage transport as a measure of liquid for beer or wine , which was filled in individual bottles and tied together from two or more units (the containers). In today's language of the wine industry , container means a wine of an indefinite quantity filled in a barrel or tank. A wine that is only bottled (in industrial containers and not in bottles) is usually of poor quality. In addition, containers for smaller amounts of liquid are referred to as small containers .

In the construction industry, neighboring components that are coupled to one another via an interlocking connection are referred to as containers. For example, a pair of rafters connected to one another (see container (timber construction) ) or a row of folded roof tiles.

Container types

  • BN container
  • U container
  • E2 container
  • RAKO containers

Container is also used in chemistry or pharmacy and denotes there z. B. the approach of a production in which different substances are mixed. The term is also used in insurance in connection with water damage.

In retail often called "Lot" ( Engl. For consignment) means, it also determines in what quantity the various clothing sizes are weighted / distributed in a container. Frequently requested sizes have a higher share than particularly large or small clothing sizes (edge ​​sizes).

Depending on the frequency of use, a distinction is made between disposable and reusable containers. Different branches have their own terminological conventions, for example the designation of beverage crates as a container in the beverage industry.

See also


  1. Origin of the word
  2. ↑ History of terms and variants