The causes of a malfunction are:
- Capsule and / or ligament overstretching (joint laxity)
- abnormal shape of the bony articular surfaces
- Paralysis of the muscles
- Disorder of innervation (neurogenic arthropathy )
A subluxation is used when there is a significant increase in the possible range of motion . If the joint connection is completely broken, there is a dislocation ( dislocation ). If this happens again and again with physiological movements without additional force, one speaks of a habitual dislocation .
- Lexicon Orthopedics
- W. Pschyrembel: Clinical dictionary. Verlag Walter de Gruyter, 265th edition (2014) ISBN 3-11-018534-2 , p. 1500