A ligament (also bands strain ) is forced, that goes beyond the normal level moving a joint caused. It is a structural injury to the ligament. It is not always possible to differentiate this form of injury from a torn ligament or a sprain (distortion). The transitions are fluid.
In the case of ligament stretching, it makes sense to visit a specialist as soon as possible, as the time that elapses until the joint is relieved is crucial for healing. It is not absolutely essential for the treatment to immobilize the joint, but to stabilize and relieve the injured ligamentous apparatus . There are various ways of doing this, depending on the injured joint.
- Functional bandages, the so-called tapes, are ideal for ligaments . The ligament apparatus is bridged by plaster reins stuck to the skin, the normal function of the joint is maintained. The industry offers bandages that serve the same purpose.
- Zinc glue dressings are also used.
- In the case of ligament strains, splints are recommended that can be tied to the ankle with two stabilizers, as this prevents them from twisting again.
Damaged ligaments on the knee can be treated with an extension splint. Bandages are available for this, or alternatively a plaster sleeve, the so-called "tutor", which extends from the thigh to the ankle .
Finger joints are often injured in ball sports, especially volleyball. If the injured finger is fixed to the nearest, healthy finger with a functional bandage, the function of the hand is largely retained and the ligamentous apparatus can heal in peace.
Untreated ligament injuries often lead to instability in the affected joints. The function of the joint is impaired, the unphysiological stress on the cartilage layer leads to premature osteoarthritis . The stretching of the ligaments at the ankle is often wrongly treated as trivial. In the following, even a minor cause can lead to another injury. When examining such a joint, the severe joint instability is noticeable. In retrospect, it can then be reconstructed that the ligamentous apparatus was repeatedly injured over the course of time and that part of the ligament was repeatedly torn, until finally a so-called "Schlotter joint" is at the end.
If a reliever posture is adopted, this stresses the joints. If a ligament stretch is inadequately treated, there is also the risk of a complete ligament rupture.
There are no criteria by which the non-medical professional can estimate the extent of a ligament injury.
- Ligament Stretch: Symptoms , Jogging Online, accessed January 31, 2012.
- Child and youth sports medicine: basics, practice, training therapy. Georg-Thieme-Verlag, 2012, p. 149. (online)
- Stretching of the ligaments: Using tapes ( Memento of the original from September 6, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , sportmed24, accessed on January 31, 2012.
- Jürgen Krämer, Joachim Grifka: Orthopedics, trauma surgery. Springer Verlag, 2007, p. 42. (online)
- Gerhard Fleischner: Podological orthopedics. Verlag Neuer Merkur, 2003, p. 327. (online)
- Ligament stretching (ligament strain). In: /medlexi.de. Retrieved September 29, 2018 .