Giovanni di Candida

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Giuliano della Rovere , medal by Giovanni di Candida, around 1495

Giovanni di Candida , actually Giovanni di Salvatore Filangieri , (* around 1445 probably in Naples ; † 1504 or later) was an Italian diplomat, historian, cleric and hobby medalist .

Name variants: Jean Candida ; Jean de Candida ; Jehan de Candida ; Giovanni di Salvatore ; Giovanni Filangieri

Giovanni di Candida was of noble descent. At an early age he developed a great interest in the art of medals, in which he developed into a highly talented dilettante . His teacher was perhaps the medalist known today only by his stage name Lysippus , who is credited with a medal with the portrait of Giovanni di Candidas, among other things.

Presumably he had good political contacts that promised him a secure livelihood. After a lucrative job in the house of Anjou-Naples, where he witnessed the Battle of Troia / Foggia (1462), among other things, he moved to the court of Charles the Bold of Burgundy in the second half of the 60s of the 15th century whose secretary he was from 1472. In his service he stayed in Venice in 1473 , in Augsburg , Cologne and Neuss in 1474/75 and in Switzerland in 1476. Probably he was a particular beneficiary of Mary of Burgundy . From 1477 he worked for the Archduke and later Emperor Maximilian of Austria and from 1480 for the French court. In 1483 he took French citizenship. In the same year he appeared for the first time as a publicist of historical writings. Several stays in Rome between 1488 and 1493 are documented. He is mentioned for the last time in 1504.

Between 1470 and 1490 he appeared several times as a medalist. He modeled portraits of Charles the Bold, Archduke Maximilian, Maria of Burgundy (all 1476/77), Antonio Graziadei, Nicolas Ruter (all 1478), Robert Briçonnet, Jean de la Gruthuse, Jean Carondelet, Marguérie Chassé and Jean Miette, among others (all 1479). After 1490 no other medals are clearly documented. From today's point of view, works from this period attributed to him are likely to be regarded as works by French medalists trained by him.

He usually signed : CAND , CANDID , OPUS CAND , or CANDIDA .

Medals by Giovanni di Candida can be found in Berlin ( Münzkabinett ), London ( The British Museum ), London ( Victoria and Albert Museum ), Washington ( National Gallery of Art ) and many other public and private collections.


  • Remy Scheurer:  Candida, Giovanni (Jean) di .. In: Alberto M. Ghisalberti (Ed.): Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (DBI). Volume 17:  Calvart-Canefri. Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Rome 1974.
  • Lore Börner, C 9.5 Giovanni Candida, Medal Archduke Maximilian and Maria von Burgund, in: Art of the Reformation , Berlin 1983, p. 170 f.
  • General Artist Lexicon , Vol. XVI, p. 114

Web links

Commons : Giovanni Filangieri di Candida  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ L. Forrer: Biographical Dictionary of Medallists . Candida, Giovanni. Volume I. Spink & Son Ltd, London 1904, pp. 334 ff .
  2. ^ L. Forrer: Biographical Dictionary of Medallists . Candida, Giovanni. Volume VII. Spink & Son Ltd, London 1923, pp. 149 .