In basketball, it describes the influencing of the trajectory of a basket throw by a defender after the ball has reached the highest point of its parabola . If the ball misses the basket as a result, the attacking team will still be awarded the points that would have resulted in a successful throw. If a ball touches the board, it is also considered goaltending if a defender touches the ball while it is on the way up. The goaltending rule was introduced in 1945. The rule change was a reaction to the fact that the centers in particular got bigger and bigger and many throws from outside were only blocked shortly before the basket. This rule applies until the ball has touched the ring. This means that a ball that bounces up from the ring can then be repelled even if it falls (exception: playing time has expired).
In American football, it means preventing a field goal by repelling the ball shortly before the goal post. It is punished with three points for the kicking team or with a space penalty of 15 yards and an automatic first down. This penalty is also known as the Stroud Rule , named after Morris Stroud . Stroud played in the National Football League (NFL) from 1969 to 1974 . He was one of the greatest NFL players of all time at 8 feet. He was best known as a field goal blocker, who instead of blocking the kick when kicked, he tried to knock him down in front of the crossbar.
- Brad Herzog: Hoopmania: The Book of Basketball History and Trivia. Rosen Publishing Group, ISBN 978-0823936977 .
- FIBA Official Basketball Rules 2014. https://www.fiba.com/downloads/Rules/2014/Official_Basketball_Rules_2014_Y.pdf
- Ben Austro: So You Think You Know Football ?: The Armchair Ref's Guide to the Official Rules . Rowman & Littlefield, 2015, ISBN 978-1-63076-044-1 , pp. 105 .
- NFL Players That Changed the Rules of the Game. Retrieved April 25, 2018 .
- Former Chiefs tight end Morris Stroud dies. Retrieved April 25, 2018 .