Grigory Camblak

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Grigorij Camblak , also Camvlach , ( Bulgarian / Russian Григорий Цамблак ; * around 1364 , † around 1450 ) was an important bishop and hagiographer of the Eastern Church.


Grigorij Camblak, who came from the Bulgarian Veliko Tarnowo , fate led to Serbia , Lithuania , Russia and Romania . In 1416 he was elected Metropolitan of Kiev and Lithuania against the wishes of the Byzantine Patriarch and the Metropolitan of Moscow . In Kiev he wrote a vita of his teacher, St. Euthymios , in the then-current, strongly lyrical and highly rhetorical style of the "web of words" . Although it was very much based on Callisto's Vita of St. Feodossij , it soon became a model for subsequent Russian hagiographers. His ceremonial sermons were also very much appreciated in Russia.

Today both Russians and Serbs and Bulgarians see Grigory Camblak as part of their own literature.

In 1418 he took part in the Council of Constance , where he was admitted by the Pope to the osculum pedis, manus et oris , but did not submit to Rome. The oldest German description of the Orthodox liturgy goes back to the observation of his divine service in Constance.

Tsamblak Hill has been named after him since 2006 , a hill on Livingston Island in Antarctica.


  • Gerhard Podskalsky . L'intervention de Grigorij Camblak, métropolite de Kiev, au concile de Constance (février 1418) . In: Revue des Études Slaves 70. 1998, 289–297.
  • Francis J. Thomson: Gregory Tsamblak. The Man and The Myths . In: Slavica Gandensia 25, 2. 1998, 5-149.