Hamburger Volkszeitung

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Hamburger Volkszeitung from July 18, 1932

The Hamburger Volkszeitung was a German-language communist newspaper. Founded in 1918, it was banned for the first time in 1933. Re-established in 1946, it was banned again in 1956. Illegal editions continued to appear until 1962.

First publication period (1918–1933)

Originally close to the USPD , from 1920 it became increasingly communist and was taken over by the KPD at the end of 1920 . Your seat was the Valentinskamp 40-42 in the Hamburg press quarter . Their editors-in-chief included u. a. Philipp Dengel (from 1923) and Friedrich Dettmann .

In 1922, the right-wing extremist organization Consul carried out an explosive attack on their publishing house. After the National Socialists came to power in 1933, it was the first newspaper to be banned in Hamburg; numerous employees were taken to concentration camps.

Second publication period (1946–1956)

On March 26, 1946, Willi Grünert, Alfred Heitmann and Johannes Westphal received the license for re-registration by the British military government , who each brought in 7,000 Reichsmarks as share capital . The first new edition of the Hamburger Volkszeitung appeared on April 3, 1946. Of those who worked for the HVZ until 1933, only six returned; around half of the employees were in custody or in exile as politically persecuted persons during the Nazi dictatorship .

At first, just like the hamburger Allgemeine Zeitung and Hamburger Free Press licensed with 80,000 copies, it reduced the circulation at the military administration because of the paper shortage and the associated allocation of paper for party political organs of the press after the low performance of the KPD in the state election in Hamburg in 1946 in Year 1947 to 34,500. The party leadership then ordered a sharper political tone in order to encourage wider circles to deal critically with the political realities of the time, which ultimately led to the departure of a number of editorial members, including the features editor Ludwig Pollner and the theater critic Willy Sosnowski.

By January 1947 at the latest, the Hamburger Volkszeitung had developed into a pure propaganda newspaper for the KPD Wasserkante. In 1948 it was banned for four weeks because of attacks on the USA and the British Commissioner for Northwest German Broadcasting (NWDR). From 1950 all employees were members of the KPD.

Between 1951 and 1956 a total of 396 criminal charges were filed against the Hamburger Volkszeitung .

On August 18, 1956 - one day after the KPD ban in the Federal Republic of Germany - the editorial offices were searched by the police, inventory and assets were confiscated, and the Hamburger Volkszeitung was banned again.

Illegal editions appeared from September 1956 to October 1962; they are preserved in the microfilm archive of the Deutsche Presse eV .

Well-known authors

  • Willi Bredel (1928–1933): The writer initially wrote mainly theater reviews and reviews; from 1928 to 1930 he was editor of the Hamburger Volkszeitung.
  • Ralph Giordano (1945–1956): The writer and journalist worked as a freelancer from 1946.
  • Hans-Peter Minetti (1926–2006): The future actor wrote 1947–1949 while studying for the Hamburger Volkszeitung.


  • Anni Wadle (1930–1933): She designed the women's and youth pages.


Web links


  1. ^ Christian Sonntag, Medienkareen: biographical studies on post-war journalists in Hamburg. Munich, Meidenbauer 2006, p. 130
  2. for the Hamburger Volkszeitung
  3. ^ Online editing of the state capital Kiel: Anni Wadle. Retrieved February 22, 2020 .