Heidenwall (Hamburg)

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Location in Hamburg

The Heidenwall was a wood-earth wall in Hamburg , which, according to new research, was part of the Hammaburg . The complex can be dated to the Middle Ages . The archaeologists suspect the location of the Hammaburg in the course of the later Hamburg city fortifications, the Heidenwall, which still protected the city area between the Alster and Elbe / Bille as a section wall to the east around 1200. It can be assumed that the Hammaburg rampart was not removed during the attack by the Vikings in 845, but was largely preserved. The scientists assume that the Heidenwall was built on the remains of the Hammaburg.

The wall ran from today's Schopenstehl to Rosenstrasse . It was probably built in the 9th century or earlier. It was about 300 meters long. 5.5 meters in front of the Heidenwall on the east side was a trench , which made it even more difficult for opponents to attack.

Posts up to 50 centimeters in diameter found on the Domplatz suggest that they originate from fortifications in connection with the Domburg. The posts strengthen the thesis that the Hammaburg was a section fortification .

The name Heidenwall indicates that it was a protection against pagan peoples such as the Vikings and their raids. According to research, it was supposed to secure the populated headland between the Alster and Bille to the east, from the Slavic bands of war and robbers advancing from there again and again .

Coordinates: 53 ° 32 ′ 59 "  N , 9 ° 59 ′ 53"  E