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Hospodar ( Ukrainian Господар also Russian Gospodar Romanian Domn from dominus 'lord', or Voievod ) is the Ukrainian name for lord or prince . The word is of Slavic origin (Serbian / Croatian / Bulgarian / Slovenian gospodar, господар , Russian господин / государь , Romanian gospodar ) and was used as the title of the princes in Moldavia and Wallachia in addition to the title Voivode . After the unification of the Danube Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia in 1859 toPrincipality , from 1881 to the Kingdom of Romania , the Latin derived term Domnitor (from dominus 'lord') was used when, in the course of the Romanization of the Romanian language at that time, Slavic words in particular were replaced by Latin. Colloquially, the term hospodar or female hospodina is used today for a householder and is no longer considered a title of nobility.

Later the term was also used as a polite form of address in correspondence.

An example of the use of the term in the German-speaking area is a song based on a poem by Theodor Kramer , which is popular with the Bundischen youth movement , starting with the line "Gospodar, Dein Großgut" . In 1922 there was also a German film called "Der Alte Gospodar" - director / actor: Rolf Randolf . In France he was immortalized by the book Les Onze Mille Verges ou Les Amours d'un Hospodar (German: The 11000 Ruten) by Guillaume Apollinaire .

Similar titles

Knjaz is the Slavic counterpart, Bojar (Old Russian) and Vojwode (Slavic) are subordinate titles.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hospodar in Encyclopedia Britannica 1911 , accessed February 18, 2015