Hugo Treffneri gümnaasium
|type of school||high school|
The Hugo-Treffner-Gymnasium ( Estonian Hugo Treffneri gümnaasium ) in Tartu is one of the most renowned educational institutions in Estonia . Numerous famous Estonian personalities graduated from high school there at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century .
The Estonian educator and intellectual Hugo Treffner received permission to found the boys' school on December 7, 1883. Teaching began on January 1, 1884. Initially, only the three lowest grades of the grammar school were taught.
The language of instruction was German , the traditional language of education in Estonia . However, as early as 1889, under the sign of the Russification of Estonia imposed by the Tsar, Russian was introduced as the school language. In 1890 the school was expanded to eight classes.
In 1907 the grammar school officially took the name Hugo Treffner and became a private school. After Treffner's death in 1912, his widow took over the management of the school. From 1917 to 1940 her relative Konstantin Treffner ran the grammar school. When Estonian gained independence, Estonian was introduced as the language of instruction from autumn 1918. Especially before the Second World War , the Hugo-Treffner-Gymnasium was one of the leading elite schools and educational establishments in the country.
With the Soviet occupation of Estonia, the name Hugo Treffner was deleted. From then on the school was called “IV. Middle School ", from 1944" I. Middle School ". In 1954, co-education was introduced and girls were also allowed to attend school.
When Estonian independence was regained in 1990, the school was given its historical name again. Since 1998 only the last three grades before the Abitur have been taught.
- Official website (Estonian, German, English)