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The hypertrophy (to ancient Greek ὑπό / τροφή , modern Greek υποτροφία , neulateinisch hypotrophia " malnutrition "), even Hypotrophia or simple atrophy called, referred to in the medicine a below-average size developing an organ system, organ, organ part, tissue or a plant due to inadequate nutrition and / or cell reduction as a result of reduced functional stress, which can lead to reduced functionality of organs, tissues, muscles etc. as a result of body substance depletion, i.e. a reduction in the size of organs or tissues due to a decrease in cell size with the same number of cells. This disease occurs, for example, after long bed rest or due to insufficient nutrient supply. The opposite is hypertrophy .


  • Elsevier, Lingen (Ed.): Medicine. Human. Health . Approved special edition. Elsevier (content), Munich; Helmut Lingen Verlag (Ed.), Cologne 2006.

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