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Hypertrophy (from ancient Greek ὑπερτροφία , neo-Latin hypertrophia , `` overeating '') or hypertrophia in medicine refers to an increase in size of an organ or tissue independent of normal growth due to the enlargement of the individual cells , for example as a result of increased stress . In organs enlarged by hypertrophy, there may be hypertrophy as well as hyperplasia , in which the number of cells is increased. The hypertrophy is caused by an increased synthesis capacity of the cells, not by cell swelling . If the triggering stimulus is removed , the hypertrophy can largely regress. The opposite of hypertrophy is hypotrophy , the decrease in size of an organ as a result of cell shrinkage or breakdown.

to form

Hypertrophy of the female breast, painting from 1848

See also


  • Helmut Lingen (Ed.): Medicine, humans, health - diseases, causes, treatments from A - Z / Medical terms / The human body / Natural healing methods / First aid. Special edition, Lingen, Cologne 2006.

Web links

Wiktionary: Hypertrophy  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations