João Marques de Oliveira

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João Marques de Oliveira, self-portrait 1876
Praia de Banhos , 1884

João Joaquim Marques da Silva Oliveira (born August 23, 1853 in Porto ; † October 9, 1927 ibid) was a Portuguese painter.


At the age of eleven, Oliveira came to the Academia Portuense de Belas Artes (the later Escola Superior de Belas Artes do Porto ) in 1864 and remained there as a student until the summer of 1873. Then he went - together with his friend and colleague António Carvalho de Silva Porto - to Paris . There he became a student of Alexandre Cabanel at the École des Beaux-Arts . Marques de Oliveira and Silva Porto are considered early representatives of naturalism in Portugal.

Between the spring of 1876 and the autumn of 1877 Oliveira repeatedly made short study trips to Belgium, the Netherlands, Great Britain and Italy. Because of his sketchbooks and the pictures that emerged after such trips, he was asked for the first time in 1876 to take part in the great summer exhibition of the Salon de Paris . He also took part successfully in this exhibition in the following two years.

In 1879 Oliveira returned to his homeland and settled in Porto as a freelance artist. Between 1881 and 1926 he was entrusted with a major teaching position at the Academia Portuense de Belas Artes .

Oliveira died seven weeks after his 74th birthday on October 9, 1927 in his hometown, where he found his final resting place.


  • Emmanuel Bénézit (ed.): Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs de tous les temps et de tous les pays . New edition Grund, Paris 1999ff.
  • Gérald Schurr, Pierre Cabanne: dictionnaire des petits maîtres de la peinture . Edition l'Amateur, Paris 2003, ISBN 2-85917-378-1 .

Web links

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