Johann Schoberth

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Johann Schoberth (born December 17, 1922 in Aufseß ; † August 8, 1988 in Hollfeld ) was a German SS- Untererscharführer and employed as a member of the political department in Auschwitz .


Schoberth was born in 1922 as the son of a miller's assistant. He attended elementary school in Aufseß and then initially worked in his mother's farm. Later he was a forest worker for a Baron von Aufsess until February 1941. In February 1941 he became a member of the Waffen SS . As such, he fought on the Eastern Front in March 1942 and was soon seriously wounded. After his recovery he was sent back to the front and injured again in November of that year.

In the spring of 1943 he was declared unfit for war and transferred to the Auschwitz concentration camp, where he was part of an SS guard. Schoberth was used in selections on the ramp. Later he came to the political department (Dept. II) of the camp and worked in the registry office (registration of the dead, issuing death certificates and death certificates). His last rank was the rank of SS-Unterscharfuhrer. After the camp was evacuated, Schoberth was detached from Auschwitz and initially deployed on the Eastern Front as a trainer and, in the last weeks of the war, also in direct combat. There he was injured and taken prisoner by the Soviets in April 1945, from which he was released in August 1945. After his release, he returned to his mother's farm.

In the first Auschwitz trial in 1965, he was acquitted by the Frankfurt am Main jury court for lack of evidence. The court did not rule out that the shooting of civilians in the old crematorium of the main camp, in which Schoberth was involved, was based on death sentences from some special or police court. It cannot be proven whether these unknown judgments violated the rule of law or were sham proceedings. Therefore - even if there was much to be said for it - it could not be determined whether the shootings were unlawful. Besides Willi Schatz , Schoberth was the only defendant in the Auschwitz trials who never came into custody.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. VEJ, Volume 16, Doc. 86, p. 289
  2. ^ Ernst Klee: Auschwitz. Perpetrators, accomplices, victims and what became of them. Lexicon of persons. Frankfurt / M. 2013, ISBN 978-3-10-039333-3 , pp. 362f.