A jump cut describes a film cut that breaks the classic rules of continuity and attracts attention. The jump in the image can be irritating for the viewer. "Jump cuts" can arise in different ways, but they all mean that the image transitions can be perceived as "leaps":
- Differences in the image connection / movement connection at the cut transition (e.g. the posture of a figure suddenly varies)
- Disregard of the spatial connections (the figure "jumps" and is suddenly in a different place in the room). This may be an intentional omission in the storyline.
- the combination of similar setting sizes with the same camera position (breaking the so-called " 30 degree rule ".)
Opinions in the literature differ as to whether the term Jump Cut is reserved only for the intentional violation of the editing conventions or also applies to accidental connection errors: In his film dictionary, Rainer Rother claims that it does not mean accidental connection errors, whereas Ira Konigsberg thinks , the term describes both intentional and unintentional jumps in the image.
Jean-Luc Godard used the jump cut because the first version of his hit film Out of Breath (1960) was far too long. As a counter-movement to the mainstream , the jump cut was an important stylistic device of the Nouvelle Vague , a movement around Godard, Truffaut and other filmmakers. The jump cut is now a common cinematic tool, e.g. B. at Lars von Trier or Steven Soderbergh . Gollum's self-talk with his reflection on the water in the film adaptation of The Lord of the Rings is, for example, staged as a jump cut.
In the continuity editing of classic Hollywood cinema this technique is rarely used. The American multimedia artist Andy Warhol developed a technique similar to the "jump cut" in his experimental films in the 1960s with the strobe cut .
Related to the "Jump Cut" is the time-lapse , which can be visualized with the " stop trick ", among other things . Example: A person is shown trying on many different clothes in a department store. The attitude always remains the same, only the person's clothes change from cut to cut. This method makes the viewer realize that time is passing.
This cutting technique is particularly popular in music videos to cut movements to match the beat of the music. The technology is also used by many vloggers , for example on the video platform YouTube .
Another special cut is the match cut .
- Jump cut. June 11, 2018, accessed January 16, 2020 .
- Rainer Rother: Sachlexikon Film. Rowohlt, 1997, ISBN 3499165155 , page 165.
- Ira Konigsberg: Complete Film Dictionary. Plume, 1989, English, ISBN 0452009804 , page 176.
- Hesam Misaghi: Concretization of the three varieties of the movement image using the example À bout de souffle . ( academia.edu [accessed January 16, 2020]).
- Match frame, jump cut and the event montage. Text by Jan Speckenbach
- Lexicon of film terms. Retrieved January 16, 2020 .
- Eisenstein's October by Murray Sperber. Retrieved January 16, 2020 .
- Lori Jane Coleman (Author), Diana Friedberg (Contributor): JUMP * CUT . Routledge (November 16, 2016), ISBN 978-1-138-69135-3 .