King's Indian attack
In the King's Indian Attack (Engl. King's Indian Attack , or "KIA") is, to a opening of the chess game , which is not defined by a specific sequence of moves, but by a characteristic white building. White often plays Nf3 / g3 / Bg2 / 0–0 / d3 / Nbd2 / e4 (see diagram), whereby Nbd2 is not constitutive for the KIA.
This opening is also called King's Indian in Suit or (with the initial moves Nf3 / g3 / Bg2) Barcza system , after the Hungarian chess master Gedeon Barcza .
Ideas and motives
The basic ideas of the King's Indian attack are based on the King's Indian defense (rapid development of the kingside, possible attacks on the kingside, acceptance of space disadvantage and opposing pawn majority in the center, exertion of piece pressure on the opposing pawn center). The aim of the King's Indian attack is to convert the strategy of the pawn advance e7 – e5, tried and tested with Black in the King's Indian Defense (KID), with the advantage of the first move into an attack strategy for White.
Possible sequences of moves
There are two main options:
- 1. Over 1. e4 - White first opens with 1. e4 and chooses the KIA-typical structure only against certain black answers, v. a. against the French defense and Sicilian with 2.… e6 , rather not against 1.… e5 , Caro-Kann or Sicilian with 2.… d6 . This is because Black can only play e6 – e5 in the first mentioned openings at the expense of a further tempo and White otherwise has the opportunity to play e4 – e5 himself (see example game). Possible train sequences are e.g. B .:
- 1. e4 e6 2. d3 d5 3. Nd2 (followed by Nf3, g3, Bg2 0–0, see example game)
- 1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 e6 3. d3 (again followed by g3, Bg2, 0–0)
- 2. Over 1. Nf3 (more rarely also over 1. g3) - White immediately makes the characteristic moves Nf3 / g3 / Bg2 followed by 0–0 and often, but not always, d3 and Nbd2. With this style of play, Black has more freedom in developing pieces, and accordingly there are very different positional patterns.
The further procedure depends on the black structure. If Black has moved d7 – d5, the knight on d2 supports the planned advance e2 – e4.
The later world champion Bobby Fischer won one of the most famous games with the King's Indian attack at the interzonal tournament in Sousse in 1967 against the Mongolian international champion Lchamsürengiin Mjagmarsüren :
1. e4 e6 2. d3 d5 3. Nd2 Nf6 4. g3 c5 5. Bg2 Nc6 6. Ngf3 Be7 7. 0–0 0–0 (To avoid White's subsequent orientation on the kingside, some players with Black delay their castling and Instead, they first develop their queenside with 7 ... b6 or 7 ... b5. On 8. Re1 Bb7 9. e5 Nd7 Black then prepares his own pawn deployment on the kingside with Qc7 and h6. Then h4 to prevent g5 becomes 0-0 –0 and Rdg8 answered.) 8. e5 (This pawn e5 denies the black pieces the f6-square. He thereby shields the black pieces, which therefore operate on the queenside.) Nd7 9. Re1 b5 10. Nf1 b4 11. h4 a5 12. Bf4 a4 13. a3 bxa3 14. bxa3 Sa5 15. Ne3 (White's attacking paths are Nf1 – h2 – g4 or Nf3 – g5 and Qh5 or h4 – h5 – h6) Ba6 16. Bh3 d4 17. Nf1 Nb6 18. Ng5 Nd5 19. Bd2 Bxg5 20. Bxg5 Qd7 21. Qh5 Rfc8 22. Nd2 Nc3 23. Bf6 De8 24. Ne4 g6 25. Qg5 Nxe4 26. Rxe4 c4 27.h5 cxd3 28.Rh4 Ra7 29.Bg2 dxc2 30. Qh6 Qf8 31 Qxh7 + and Black resigned when he was in two Moves is checkmated.
1. Nf3 c5 2. g3 Nc6 3. Bg2 g6 4. 0–0 Bg7 5. d3 e6 6. e4 (The King's Indian attack is reached) Nge7 7. Re1 0–0 8. e5 d6 9. exd6 Qxd6 10. Nbd2 Qc7 11.Nb3 Nd4 12. Bf4 Qb6 13. Ne5 Nxb3 14.Nc4 Qb5 15. axb3 a5 16. Bd6 Bf6 17. Qf3 Kg7 18. Re4 Rd8 19. Qxf6 + Kxf6 20. Be5 + Kg5 21. Bg7 1: 0
- Roman Dzindzichashvili : Easy Way to Learn The King's Indian Attack . Internet: ChessDVDs.com, Roman's Lab, Volume 28, 2005, No. 7-37885-35839-1.
- John Emms : starting out: king's indian attack . Everymann Chess, London 2005, ISBN 1-85744-394-2 .
- Nigel Davies : King's Indian Attack, Hamburg: ChessBase GmbH, fritztrainer opening, 2008, ISBN 978-3-86681-071-6 .
- Ken Smith, John Hall: King's Indian Attack . Chess Digest, Dallas Texas 1988, ISBN 0-87568-174-3 .
- Game examples (English)
- Introduction to the King's Indian attack after 1 e4 (English)
- Introduction to the King's Indian Attack (English)
- Video tutorial on King's Indian attack (English)