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The kalambo falls are 235 meters (according to other sources 221 meters) to the highest waterfalls Africa. They are located on the border between Zambia and Tanzania at the southeastern end of Lake Tanganyika . Contrary to the official name (plural), it is only a single waterfall. Above this fall there is the Sanzye Falls of the Kalambo .
From an archaeological point of view, Kalambo is one of the most important sites in Africa. John Desmond Clark was the first to recognize the archaeological potential of the region in 1953 in the area of a small lake basin above the waterfall and finally to begin excavations. Traces of human activity spanning more than 250,000 years came to light.
Stone tools from the late Acheuleans , fireplaces and well-preserved organic objects were found. The tools from the Kalambo Gorge were dated around 300,000 years ago. In addition, evidence of the consumption of fruit was found and the fire pits prove that the people of the area around the Kalambo Falls systematically used the fire 60,000 years ago.
The Acheulean technology was replaced in the Kalambo Falls by the Sangoan industry and finally by the Lupemban industry, which shows similarities with sites in the Congo. 10,000 years ago, people of the Magosian culture settled near the falls, which in turn gave way to the Wilton culture. Eventually, around the fourth century AD, a more industrialized Bantu people began to settle and farm the area.
The falls are also known for their marabou colony.
You have to travel over 35 very arduous kilometers through the bush. There is practically no road. The best way to start the expedition is from the small town of Kabala. The falls can also be reached from Mpulungu by water, although the last eight kilometers are to be walked here. A small fee is payable for viewing the falls.
Clark JD 2001. Kalambo Falls Prehistoric Site: The earlier cultures: middle and earlier stone age. Cambridge University Press