Civil Protection Act

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Civil protection laws regulate how, in contrast to normal life, processes must be organized in order to keep the consequences of disasters of various kinds as low as possible. The disaster control laws usually affect the affected population as well as the aid-providing organs and auxiliary workers and finally also the authority itself. Depending on the country and the possible disaster scenarios, the laws are passed and also implemented at different levels.


In Germany , the civil protection laws of the countries to regulate the construction of civil protection responsibilities in the be disaster , their duty of care of endangered plants and similar things enacted. The cooperation of the organizations involved in disaster control and the requirements for participation, for example the fire brigades , the technical relief organization and the non-public organizations, i.e. aid organizations such as the German Red Cross , Malteser Aid Service and the German Life Saving Society (DLRG) , regulated. Furthermore, the rights and duties of the helpers are laid down. A disaster control law can prescribe preventive and preparatory measures such as the establishment of a disaster control line, the creation of disaster control plans and the implementation of disaster control exercises.

In Bremen , Hesse and North Rhine-Westphalia , these matters are regulated in a law together with the regulations on fire brigades. In other federal states there are separate laws for disaster control, for example the Bavarian Disaster Control Act (BayKSG) .

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