Kazahaya (ship, 1943)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kazahaya p1
Ship data
flag JapanJapan (naval war flag) Japan
class Single ship
Shipyard Harima Zosen
Launch January 20, 1943
Commissioning March 31, 1943
Removal from the ship register December 1, 1943
Whereabouts Sunk by an American submarine on October 6, 1943.
Ship dimensions and crew
161 m ( Lüa )
width 20 m
Draft Max. 8.83 m
displacement 20,000  t
Machine system
machine 2 steam boiler
steam turbine
9,500 hp (6,987 kW)
16.5 kn (31 km / h)
propeller 1

The Kazahaya ( Japanese 風 早 ) was a fast fleet tanker of the Imperial Japanese Navy , which was used in World War II .


USS Cimarron , first T3-S2-A1 ship which is also known as the Cimarron- class.

The ship was decided in the war building program in 1941 and corresponded in size and performance to the American fleet tankers of the United States Maritime Commission built before the war (starting with T3-S2-A1).

The Kazahaya was after a bay in County Numakuma in Hiroshima Prefecture named. Construction began on September 30, 1941, the launch took place at the end of 1942 and the commissioning on March 31, 1943. The building yard was the Harima Zōsensho KK (English Harima Shipbuilding Co. ) in today's Aioi .

The tanker was 161.10 meters long, the waterline length was 157.25 meters and the length between the perpendiculars was 153.00 meters. The ship was 20.10 meters wide and when loaded, the draft was 8.83 meters. The construction water displacement was 20,000 (metric) tons, the standard displacement (also loaded) was 18,300 ts. It was driven by an Ishikawa turbine set with 2 Kampon boilers, output 9,500 wPS, on one screw for a maximum speed of 16.5 kn. The loading capacity was 11,000 ts (including 1,000 ts for aviation fuel).

The armament was three older 12 cm L / 45 guns behind shields (one in front, two aft), the addition of a few 25 mm automatic cannons for air defense is likely.

The Kazahaya was planned to have a sister ship (never named) (hull number 305), but its construction was canceled. Instead, the hull numbers from 5381, planned as the Kariko class, from the 1942 fleet construction program were rescheduled as sister ships of the Kazahaya . This project was never carried out, as was the construction of construction numbers 842-844 as an improved Kazahaya class (including four 12.7 cm guns and aircraft such as on the Hayasui ). Instead, the Hario class was built from the follow-up program, but only the type ship could be completed before the end of the war.

After only a short period of service, the Kazahaya was sunk on October 6, 1943 by the American submarines USS Tinosa and USS Steelhead about 240 nm northwest of Truk in the Pacific Ocean with 20 torpedoes. The Tinosa fired the catch after the Steelhead had only previously damaged the tanker. The number of dead and injured in the sinking of the Kazahaya has not been published.


  • Shizuo Fukui: Fighting Ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy . Bestsellers, Tokyo 1970 (2nd edition 1973), p. 323
  • Tohru Kizu: 世界 の 艦船 / Ships of the World 通 巻 第 500 集 増 刊 第 44 集 日本 軍艦 史 . Kaijinsha, Tokyo 1995, p. 336
  • Autorenkollektiv the magazine Maru : 写真/日本の軍艦第13巻小艦艇I . Kōjinsha, Tokyo 1990, ISBN 4-7698-0463-6 , p. 24
  • Hansgeorg Jentschura u. a .: The Japanese warships 1869–1945 , JF Lehmanns, Munich 1970, p. 430/431
  • Anthony Watts: Japanese Warships of World War Two . Ian Allan, London 1966, p. 339

Individual evidence

  1. So the sources mentioned in the article. The launch in January 1943 is sometimes stated on the Internet, which is neither likely nor proven.
  2. Jentschura u. a., Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy 1869-1945 , Arms & Armor Press, London 1977, p. 251; the number of 2 triplet mounts, sometimes mentioned in model construction circles - mostly shown on both sides of the bridge - is not unlikely, but has not been used. Originally, only two 12 cm guns were planned, a third (as the second, aft gun) was planned later and installed before delivery.
  3. ^ Robert C. Stern, US Subs in action , 1979, p. 30