Klaus (school)

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The Lemle-Moses-Klaussynagoge in Mannheim around 1900

Klaus (West Yiddish ) or klojs, klous (East Yiddish), von Klause , Klausur ; medium lat. clusa "closed room" is a teaching house or school donated by community members , in which Jews can conduct their Torah and Talmudic studies. In most cases the Klaus is attached to a synagogue . Nowadays there are still klojsn in Hasidic communities, for example in Brooklyn .

Historical examples from the German area

  • The Lemle-Moses-Klaus in Mannheim , named after the head of the Jewish community at the time, Lemle Moses Reinganum , was used from 1708 to 1940; the building, which was only destroyed by bombs in 1944, was demolished in 1953.
  • The Michael May'sche Klaus in Mannheim, named after its founder Michael May , was founded in 1730, but disbanded in 1765 again.
  • The Elias-Hayum-Klaus in Mannheim, also called “Stuttgart School” after the place of origin of its founder, the Mannheim court and militia factor Elias Hayum , was founded in 1766 and existed until 1880.
  • The Alte Klaus, founded in 1680, and the Neue Klaus, founded in 1756, in Hamburg . Both institutions merged in 1798 to form the United Old and New Klaus . Selig Pinchas Bamberger , who became known for translating important Hebrew scriptures, and the rabbis Earthenware, Diamant, Cohn and Jaffé taught at the teaching house of the synagogue community . After the November pogrom in 1938 , the buildings had to be sold and have been used for other purposes ever since.
  • The Klausen Synagogue in Prague .

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