For almost six centuries, the former Ebersberg monastery was a Benedictine abbey in Ebersberg, Upper Bavaria, in what was then the diocese of Freising . Founded but it was as Augustinian canons - pen , later it was a religious house of the Jesuits , then the Order of Malta .
The monastery, consecrated to Saint Mary and Saint Sebastian , was founded in 934 on the site of the former Ebersberg Castle by Eberhard and Adalpero, Counts of Sempt . From 934 to 1013 Augustinian Canons , it was a Benedictine monastery from 1013 to 1595 . On a trip to Rome, Hunfried, the first provost of the Augustinians, received from Pope Stephen VIII a part of the cranial shell of St. Sebastian, which became the basis of a pilgrimage , which was lucrative for the monastery, to heal the plague that was frequent at the time . The Benedictines came to the monastery from St Ulrich in Augsburg through Count Ulrich von Ebersberg in 1013. The abbot Williram von Ebersberg is one of the greatest reformers in the history of the monastery due to his reorganization of economic conditions and the school of writing. The monastery was abolished in 1595 by Pope Clement VIII and the buildings were given to Jesuits . This was done at the instigation of Duke Wilhelm V , who took the dwindling monastery discipline and the broken monastery finances as an opportunity in the face of the Reformation. By the end of the 16th century, the number of monks belonging to the monastery had dropped to just five. In the end there lived next to the administrator in the monastery , who were transferred to Mallersdorf monastery when it was dissolved . Duke Wilhelm had already transferred two brothers to the monastery. In 1773 the Knights of Malta took over the complex and rebuilt the parts that had been damaged after a major fire in 1781. In 1808 the monastery buildings were partly owned by the state and partly private.
- Bernhard Schäfer (arrangement): Ebersberg Monastery. Formative power of Christian-occidental culture in the heart of old Bavaria. Publishing house Garnies, Haar b. Munich 2002, ISBN 3-926163-26-7 .
- Markus Krammer: Catholic parish church St. Sebastian, Ebersberg. [Little Art Guide], 6th, revised. Edition. Schnell & Steiner Verlag, Regensburg 2003, ISBN 3-7954-4143-9 .
- Franz-Xaver Paulhuber: History of Ebersberg and its surroundings in Upper Bavaria. Lutzenberg, Burghausen 1847 ( digitized version )
Ebersberg Monastery , basic data and history:
Christine Riedl-Valder: Ebersberg Benedictine Monastery - the most important Sebastian pilgrimage in southern Germany in the database of monasteries in Bavaria in the House of Bavarian History
- History of the monastery and place on the website of the city of Ebersberg
- Josef Hemmerle : The Benedictine monasteries in Bavaria . In: Germania Benedictina . 1st edition. tape 2 . Kommissionsverlag Winfried-Werk Augsburg, Munich 1970, DNB 456729925 , p. 79-82 .
- Otto Feldbauer: History of the church reforms in the Ebersberg monastery in the late Middle Ages and the early modern period 1427–1773 . In: Bernhard Schäfer, district and Kreissparkasse Ebersberg (ed.): Ebersberg monastery. Formative power of Christian-occidental culture in the heart of old Bavaria . Garnies, Haar b. Munich 2002, ISBN 978-3-926163-26-4 , pp. 279-298 .