St. Katharina Monastery (Trier)

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The Monastery of St. Catherine was a former Dominican convent in Trier , which is today Irminenfreihof opposite the monastery St. Irminen was. The monastery gave the street of the same name on the banks of the Moselle its name.

The origin of the monastery is closely related to the Martinskirche on Trier's Petrisberg , first mentioned in 1190-1212 , which supposedly dates back to the 6th century. In the area of ​​this church at the latest in 1234 the virgins living here formed a monastery, which was converted into a Dominican convent in 1235. In 1238 the knight Ordulph von Oeren gave them a piece of land on the Moselle near the St. Irminen monastery. From September 1243 to May 1244 Margarete von Babenberg lived in this monastery and provided it with additional donations.

A Gothic church was built on the new site around 1300 - according to some information in 1302 - and a chapel was added in 1479. In the 18th century the monastery was expanded and the Gothic church was replaced by a new baroque building by Johannes Seiz .

After its destruction in 1476, the destroyed Martinskloster was transferred into the possession of the Katharinenkloster.

From 1794 the monastery complex was founded by the French as a fruit magazine. After the dissolution in 1802 as part of the secularization , he first came to the United Hospitia, which built a hospital there. However, just four years later it became a Prussian military hospital, a function it retained until 1918, while the monastery church was demolished in 1909.

After that, it was converted into a state building school. Since the complex was only slightly damaged in the Second World War in 1944 , this use was initially retained.

Today the building houses the State School for Technology, which is part of the Trier University of Applied Sciences . The building is a historical monument.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Sabine Penth, Margarete von Babenberg. Roman Queen - Duchess of Austria - Queen of Bohemia , in Women of the Hohenstaufen, ed. from the Society for Staufer History eV, Göppingen 2006, page 95
  2. a b c d Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany. Cultural monuments in Rhineland-Palatinate. Volume 17.1 City of Trier - Old Town. Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Worms. ISBN 3-88462-171-8 (1st edition 2001)
  3. a b c d Monasteries in Trier from late antiquity to the present. Catalog for the exhibition of Catholic adult education on the occasion of the 2000th anniversary of the city of Trier from 25.3. until 1.11.1984 in the cathedral cloister. Concept: Prof. Dr. Franz J. Ronig.
  4. a b Christian König: Trier - Dominican convent St. Katharina - In: Retrieved November 26, 2016 .
  5. ^ Patrick Ostermann (arrangement): Cultural monuments in Rhineland-Palatinate. Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany. Volume 17.1: City of Trier. Altstadt.Werner, Worms 2001