Lepsius alphabet

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The Lepsius alphabet is a 1852 by Karl Richard Lepsius proposed alphabet , which had the goal of all languages of the world, but especially African without their own writing system to write. He used it to transcribe 120 languages. In 1853, at the invitation of the Prussian ambassador in London, Christian Karl Josias von Bunsen , a conference took place in which this proposal was discussed.

The alphabet could not establish itself because it contains many diacritical marks and was therefore difficult to set. Wilhelm Schmidt published an expanded version in 1907 and 1924, which was also known as the Anthropos alphabet . In the 1920s, Diedrich Westermann used the alphabet for his work.

“This difference in pronunciation gave rise to the worst confusion in terms of names and the paraphrasing of foreign words and, in particular, compelled linguists to think of terms which, removed from misunderstandings, represent each linguistic sound by a specific symbol. Among these experiments, the standard alphabet (i.e. sample alphabet) of Prof. Lepsius has found the most general recognition and has therefore also been used in this work to briefly describe foreign characters in a generally understandable way. "

- Karl Faulmann: The book of writing containing the characters and alphabets of all times and of all the peoples of the world . P. 3.

See also


  • Richard Lepsius: Standard Alphabet for Reducing Unwritten Languages ​​and Foreign Graphic Systems to a Uniform Orthography in European Letters. Benjamin, Amsterdam 1981, ISBN 90-272-0876-X

Individual evidence

  1. Lepsius . In: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon . 6th edition. Volume 12, Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig / Vienna 1908, p.  431 .