Aerial sports equipment

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An ultralight aircraft
A hang glider
A trike
A paramotor
A gyroplane

The aerial sports equipment comprises a group of aircraft for which the exercise of sports can be regarded as the main purpose. Air sports equipment includes ultralight aircraft , gyroplanes and light air sports equipment with an empty weight of less than 120 kg. Among the Light air sports equipment count the hang gliders , paragliders , parachutes , trikes and paramotors .

Historically, it is mostly about newer aviation devices, which due to the rapid technical and sporting developments sometimes do not fit into definitions of aviation law or which such often do not do justice to. Depending on the country and device, this leads to different legal positions for air sports equipment and its pilots: Some countries are trying to adapt their air law and, for example, amalgamating various air sports equipment into a separate class within aircraft, while in other countries "old law" is applied or air sports equipment is legal cannot be classified at all.

Air sports equipment in Germany

In Germany, ultralight aircraft , hang-gliders , paragliders , jump parachutes and glider planes are grouped together in the aircraft class of air sports equipment. Gliders, touring motor gliders, balloons, model aircraft and rescue parachutes, on the other hand, are not legally classified as air sports equipment, but are separate aircraft classes according to Section 1 LuftVG .

The term air sports equipment was introduced in German aviation law by the ordinance amending aviation law ordinances and implementing ordinances regulating the operation of air sports equipment of May 26, 1993. Until then, the operation of the equipment in question was regulated by the general decree for the operation of manned aircraft not subject to licensing in the Federal Republic of Germany of May 15, 1982. The “commissioning” of associations with the performance of public tasks already regulated here was viewed as problematic from the point of view of the lack of a legal basis for authorization. This legal authorization of the Federal Ministry of Transport took place through the § 31c LuftVG (10th AmendmentGLuftVG).

Light air sports equipment

According to Section 1 (4) LuftVZO , “one and two-seater air sports equipment with a maximum empty weight of 120 kg including harness and rescue equipment” are exempt from type approval. These are also known as light air sports equipment .


In order to use an air sports device , an air sports device driver's license, also known as a sports pilot license, is required.

Individual evidence

  1. LuftRÄndV. Ordinance amending aviation law ordinances and implementing ordinances for regulating the operation of air sports equipment. In: Federal Ministry of Justice, May 26, 1993, accessed April 29, 2013 .