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Malach or Malakh (singular Hebrew מַלְאָךְ mal'akh , plural:מלאכים mal'akhim ) denotes the concept of the divine messenger ( angel ) in several Middle Eastern religions.

Malakhim on Jacob's ladder


The Jewish Tanakh reports of Malakhim, especially as messengers of God who appeared to various patriarchs . They appeared in Genesis 16 : 9 to Hagar , Lot in Genesis 19: 1 and Abraham in Genesis 22: 11. They were ascending and descending the Jacob's ladder in Genesis 29:12 and appeared to Jacob himself in Genesis 31: 11-13. In Exodus 33 : 2 God promised to send a malakh to Moses and sent one on Balaam's path in Numbers 23:31.

In contrast to the cherubim and seraphim , who praise and fight for God, the Malakhim are more to be understood as messengers of God's moral will to people.

Various other names go back to the Hebrew term mal'akh . This includes the prophet Malachi , or the occult eyeglass letters -Alphabet Malachim, developed by the Christian humanist Agrippa von Nettesheim . In modern Hasidism , the rather small school of the Malachim was traced back to its founder Rabbi HaCohen (1860–1938), known as Malach . Many followers of this community have now joined the larger schools of Satmar and Chabad .


About Islam , the Arabic form is malak ( Arabic ملك, Pl. Arabic ملائك, DMG malā'ik ) has been preserved in many languages ​​in the Orient to this day, e.g. B. in Persian also as Malak (ملك) as well as in Turkish and also in Kurdish as Melek .

The angel Malik is named in the Koran as the divine guardian of hell.


The angel Melek Taus applies the Yazidis as one of seven archangels .

Notes and individual references

  1. Hans Wehr: Arabic dictionary for the written language of the present , Wiesbaden 1968, p. 822.