Manco Cápac

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Manqu Qhapaq, first king of the Incas in Qusqu, around 1200. Drawing by Waman Puma de Ayala, early 17th century.

Manco Cápac , in Peruvian Quechua spelling Manku Qhapaq or Manqu Qhapaq , was the first, mythical ruler ( Sinchi ) of the Incas .

Origin and myth of founding an empire

According to the mythological ideas of the Incas, Manco Cápac is said to have been the son of the sun god Inti , who created him from the foam of Lake Titicaca . From this deity he was then sent to earth together with his sister Mama Ocllo to improve the world there. Inti gave them a golden stick ( Tupayawri ) with them on the way, which would sink into the ground in a fertile place, where they should then found a city. On the sunny island in Lake Titicaca, they are believed to have reached the earth, and after some hike the staff is said to have sunk into the ground. There Manco Cápac and his sister founded the city of Qusqu ( Cusco ). This city foundation was later seen as the beginning of the Inca Empire. Manco Cápac also taught agriculture to the later residents .

This myth was recorded, among other things, in the commentaries on the empire of the Inca by the Peruvian-Spanish chronicler Inca Garcilaso de la Vega (1539-1616). It is one of several Inca creation myths and the youngest to have gained particular influence in the 15th century. Parts of this myth - such as the founding of the city of Qusqu with the golden rod - are still told today in southern Peru as part of the Inkarrí myth.

Manco Cápac was allegedly also the father of the second Inca ruler Sinchi Roca, who followed him .

predecessor Office successor
--- Sinchi from Cuzco
from around 1200
Sinchi Roca
Sinchi Ruq'a